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Taryag Mitzvot - 613 Commandments

Taryag Mitzvot

613 Commandments of Torah

by John J. Parsons

Mitzvah

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The Hebrew word mitzvah (מִצְוָה) means "divine commandment" (mitzvot is the plural form). Although the word is sometimes used broadly to refer to Rabbinic (Talmudic) law or simply a good deed (e.g., "it would be a mitzvah to visit your sick cousin"), in its strictest sense the term refers to a divine commandment given by the LORD in the Torah. In Exodus 24:12 the Ten Commandments are collectively referred to as mitzvot.

Types of Mitzvot

The Torah is filled with various imperatives of one kind or another. The term mitzvot (מִצְוֹת) is a general term used to refer to any commandment given by God. Mitzvot can be further divided into the subcategories of chukkim u'mishpatim (Deut. 4:5):
 

  • Chukkim (חֻקִּים) are statutes given without a reason (i.e., fiats or divine decrees). As such they are sometimes called "supra-rational" decrees. The classic example is the chukkah (sing.) regarding the Red Heifer, which, legend has it, defied even the wisdom of King Solomon. Other examples include dietary law (kashrut), the prohibition of mixing seeds or fabrics (kilayim), or the laws concerning family purity (niddah). These laws can seem irrational to human reason. 

    Zot chukat haTorah (זאת חֻקַּת הַתּוֹרָה) - "this is the Torah's decree...." which we therefore accept as a commandment that transcends our abilities to rationally fathom.  That is, when asked why we would do what is here commanded, we can only appeal to the fact that the LORD has commanded such - and that settles the issue.
     
  • Mishpatim (מִשְׁפָּטִים) are laws given for a clearly specified reason (i.e., logical laws). An example would be the commandment to give charity or the prohibitions against theft and murder. These mitzvot are inherently rational and appeal to the need for ethical unity (civil and moral life) within the community.
  • Note: eidot (עֵדוֹת) are testimonials (from the root 'ed, "witness") that commemorate or represent something -- e.g., the commandments to observe Shabbat and the holidays, to put on tefillin, wear tzitzit, eat matzah on Passover, blow a shofar, etc.  Since they commemorate or symbolically represent something, the eidot occupy a sort of middle ground between the rationally understandable mishpatim and the supra-rational chukkim.

The phrase chukkim u'mishpatim (חֻקִּים וּמִשְׁפָּטִים) is a synonym for the more general term "mitzvah," as can be seen in parashat Mishpatim, which lists over 50 mitzvot that are indeed logical laws (i.e., mishpatim), but also include a number of eidot and at least one chukkah (חֻקָּה), or supra-rational "decree."

Some Jewish scholars have attempted to count the various mitzvot (commandments) listed in the Torah. For example, the Jewish Aristotelian philosopher Maimonides (i.e., "Rambam") listed a total of 613 commandments in his book Sefer Ha-mitzvot ("Book of Commandments") and divided them into two basic groups: 248 positive ("Thou shalt...") and 365 negative ("Thou shalt not...") commandments. In Jewish theological tradition, positive commandments (obligations) are called mitzvot 'aseh (מִצְוֹת עֲשֵׂה), whereas the prohibitions are called mitzvot lo-ta'aseh (מִצְוֹת לא תַעֲשֵׂה). Some of the sages rather fancifully claim that the positive commandments equal the number of bones and significant organs of the body, whereas the negative commandments correspond to the number of days in the solar year.

Since Hebrew letters are often used to express numbers, the number 613 can be represented using the word "Taryag" (pronounced tar-YAHG) as a numerical acronym:

Tary''g Mitzvot

You add the value for Tav (400) to the value for Resh (200) to get 600, and then you add the value of Yod (10) and Gimmel (3) to get 13. Adding these numbers together yields 613 (note the gerashayim is used to indicate that this is a non-standard Hebrew word).

Collectively, the 613 commandments listed in the Torah are called "Taryag Mitzvot."

Note that the gematria (numerical value) for the word Torah is Tav (400) + Vav (6) + Resh (200) + Hey (5), which yields 611. According to Jewish tradition, Taryag (613) is equal to the word "Torah" plus the two commandments that existed before the Torah: "I am the Lord your God" and "you shall have no other gods before me."

With the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD, many of the enumerated mitzvot that concern ritual and ceremony within the establishment of the Aaronic priesthood can no longer be obeyed (it has been estimated that only about 270 of them - less than 50 percent - are still applicable today). That is, ever since the Diaspara of the Jewish people, it has been literally impossible to fulfill all of the Torah's righteous demands. Nonetheless, the Rabbinic tradition has assumed the role of interpreting the applicability of Jewish law for the individual Jew, and certain qualifications in the idea of the mitzvot are therefore made.

The Jewish Temple was destroyed in 70 AD (see Matt 24:1-2) and has never been restored.
Presently, the mitzvot pertaining to the priesthood cannot be fulfilled.

Rabbinical Legal Ruminations: Halakhah

In addition to Taryag mitzvot (see the listing of the 613 commandments below), Rabbinical law has added a large body of rulings that are claimed to be just as binding as the divine mitzvot. Such rabbinical halakhah (from halakh: הָלַךְ, "to walk") refers to the various rules and regulations that are said to mark the Jew's 'walk' through life. Halakhah includes three (related) groups: gezeirah, takkanah, and minhag:
 

  • Gezeirah ("fence") -- a rule instituted by the rabbis to prevent inadvertent violation of a mitzvah. For instance, it is a mitvah to refrain from work on the Sabbath, but it's a gezeirah to avoid even the handling of any work instruments on the Sabbath.
  • Takkanah ("case law ordinance") -- a law instituted by rabbis that does not directly derive from the Torah (but is inferred from its interpretation). An example would be the lighting of candles on erev Shabbat. The ritual of public Torah recitation every Monday and Thursday is a takkanah instituted by Ezra the Scribe. Takkanot (pl.) can vary by region, based on the prevailing rabbinical authority. Ashkenazic Jews accept takkanot that Sephardic Jews might not recognize as binding.
  • Minhag ("custom") are rabbinically approved conventions for a Jewish community (plural minhagim). An example of a minhag would be eating apples with honey on Rosh Hashanah. Like the takkanot, minhagim can vary by region, based on the prevailing rabbinical authority.

Torah and Jewish Tradition

In Jewish thought, the word "Torah" (תּוֹרָה) is a general concept that implies a wide range of related ideas and concepts that focus on discerning God's will. A primary distinction is between the written Torah, on the one hand, and the oral Torah on the other. The written Torah, called shebichtav (שֶׁבִּכְתָב, "that which is written"), refers to the text that has been meticulously transmitted since the time of Moses in the form of a Sefer Torah (i.e., a kosher Torah scroll). The oral Torah, on the other hand, is called shebal peh (שֶׁבְּעַל פֶּה, "that which is oral"), and refers to legal and interpretative traditions handed down by word of mouth until these were codified in the Mishnah and Gemara (i.e., the Talmud). The Oral tradition further includes the Midrash (traditional exegesis), the Responsa (questions and answers given by "poskim," or legal scholars), the Shulchan Aruch (16th century codification of Jewish case law), and various other commentaries handed down over the centuries. Some people further claim that "Kabbalah" is also contained within oral tradition, though strictly speaking it is not regarded as part of the Oral Torah as understood in Jewish tradition.

Jewish thought maintains that the written Torah and the oral Torah are complementary, since Moses himself established the role of judges and law courts in the written Torah (Exod. 18:13-26; Num. 11:24-29; Deut. 16:18-20; 17:8-12), and ultimately the oral Torah derives its justification and substance from the written revelation. Indeed it is somewhat artificial to distinguish between the two in practice, since the written Torah was preserved through tradition (i.e., the scribal transmission, the books to be included in the canon, etc.), just as the oral Torah was validated by the written words of the Torah scroll itself. Moreover, within both of these "Torahs" we can make further distinctions. For example, in the written Torah there is both narrative (alilah) and Gods' explicit commandments (mitzvot), which roughly corresponds to the distinction between "aggadic" (homiletical) and "halakhic" (legal) literature found in the oral Torah.  In addition, just as the 613 mitzvot of the written Torah can be subdivided into the categories of mishpatim (laws), chukkot (decrees), and eidot (testimonials), so the Jewish legal tradition discusses the corresponding ideas of takkanot (case laws), gezerot (rabbinical decrees), and minhagim (customs). In short, there is a sort of circular reasoning involved in the traditional Jewish idea of Torah: The written Torah was passed down (validated) by means of the oral Torah; but the oral Torah derives its authority from the written Torah:

Interestingly enough, Jewish tradition seems to go two ways with the idea that Torah can be explicated by means of halakhah.  On the one hand, it carefully enumerates every nuance of each of the various commandments of the Torah, creates various takkanot (case laws) and even multiplies the Torah's principles by building "fences" around the commandments, yet on the other hand it can (lucidly enough) distill the various commandments to more general principles that are fewer and fewer in number. For example, in Makkot 23b-24a the discussion goes from an enumeration of the 613 commandments identified in the Torah (see below), to David's reduction of the number to 11 (Psalm 15), to Isaiah's reduction of the number to six (Isaiah 33:15-16); to Micah's reduction to three (Micah 6:8); to Isaiah's further reduction to two (Isaiah 56:1); to  the one essential commandment by Habakuk ("But the righteous shall live by his faith" - Habakuk 2:4). Obviously the Apostle Paul distilled the various mitzvot to this selfsame principle of faith (see Romans 1:17, Galatians 3:11, Hebrews 10:38).

The list of 613 Commandments

In Judaism, there is no single definitive list of the 613 laws. In what follows, first I will present a list of 613 mitzvot according to their appearance in the Torah, and then I will provide the list given by Maimonides, the "St. Thomas Aquinas" of rabbinical Judaism.

Taryag Mitzvot (Textual Order)

  1. Genesis 1:28
    You shall take a wife, be fruitful and multiply (פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ)
  2. Genesis 17:9,10
    You shall circumcise your male children on the 8th day
  3. Genesis 32:32
    You shall not eat the sinew of the thigh vein
  4. Exodus 12:2
    You shall determine the appointed times by observing New Moon
  5. Exodus 12:7
    You shall slaughter the Pesach at twilight 1of Nissan
  6. Exodus 12:8
    You shall eat the Pesach with unleavened bread and bitter herbs
  7. Exodus 12:9
    You shall not eat the Pesach unless it is roasted whole in fire
  8. Exodus 12:10
    You shall not allow any of the Pesach to remain
  9. Exodus 12:15
    You shall remove all Chametz from your home before Pesach
  10. Exodus 12:18
    You shall eat only unleavened bread during Chag Matzah
  11. Exodus 12:19
    You shall not possess any Chametz during Chag Matzah
  12. Exodus 12:20
    You shall not eat anything with leaven during Chag Matzah
  13. Exodus 12:43
    You shall not allow any uncircumcised alien to eat of the Pesach
  14. Exodus 12:45
    You shall not allow any sojourner to eat of the Pesach
  15. Exodus 12:46a
    You shall not remove the Pesach from your house until morning
  16. Exodus 12:46b
    You shall not break any bone of the Pesach
  17. Exodus 12:48
    You shall not allow any uncircumcised person eat of the Pesach
  18. Exodus 13:2
    You shall sanctify the first born of man and animals
  19. Exodus 13:3
    You shall not eat any leavened bread during Chag Matzah
  20. Exodus 13:7
    You shall not have leavened bread in your home on Chag Matzah
  21. 21 Exodus 13:8
    You shall teach the deliverance of Israel from Egypt during Pesach
  22. Exodus 13:12,13
    You shall redeem the firstborn of animals with a lamb
  23. Exodus 13:13
    You shall break the neck of the unredeemed firstborn animal
  24. Exodus 16:29
    You shall not leave your home to work or for food on Shabbat
  25. Exodus 20:2
    You shall know that HaShem is G-d
  26. Exodus 20:3
    You shall not serve any G-d, but HaShem
  27. Exodus 20:4
    You shall not make any idol of any likeness
  28. Exodus 20:5a
    You shall not minister to an idol
  29. Exodus 20:5b
    You shall not worship an idol
  30. Exodus 20:7
    You shall not utter the Name of HaShem in vain
  31. Exodus 20:8
    You shall remember the Shabbat day to keep it holy
  32. Exodus 20:10
    You shall not perform melekhah on the Shabbat
  33. Exodus 20:12a
    You shall show respect and honor your parents
  34. Exodus 20:12b
    Judges shall put to death the rebellious son [Deuteronomy 21:18]
  35. Exodus 20:13
    You shall not murder
  36. Exodus 20:14
    You shall not commit adultery
  37. Exodus 20:15 [14]
    You shall not steal
  38. Exodus 20:16[14]
    You shall not speak a false testimony
  39. Exodus 20:17[14]
    You shall not covet anything of your covenant brother's
  40. Exodus 20:23[20]
    You shall not make idols of silver or gold and believe in them
  41. Exodus 20:25[22]
    You shall not make an altar out of hewn stones
  42. Exodus 20:26[23]
    You shall not ascend the altar by steps, only a ramp
  43. Exodus 21:2
    You shall deal justly with a Hebrew bond-servant
  44. Exodus 21:8a
    You shall redeem the Hebrew maid-servant
  45. Exodus 21:8,9b
    You shall treat the Hebrew maid-servant as a daughter
  46. Exodus 21:8c
    You shall not sell a Hebrew maid-servant you refused to marry
  47. Exodus 21:10
    You shall not withhold food, clothing or relations from your wife
  48. Exodus 21:15
    You shall not strike a parent
  49. Exodus 21:16,17
    You shall put to death anyone who kidnaps or curses a parent
  50. Exodus 21:18
    You shall pay for any loss you caused anyone to suffer
  51. Exodus 21:20
    Judges and Courts shall punish any man who strikes to kill a servant
  52. Exodus 21:28
    You shall pay for any damage your animals cause
  53. Exodus 21:28
    You shall not eat any animal that has died as a result of stoning
  54. Exodus 22:1-3
    You shall pay for any property you stole
  55. Exodus 21:33
    You shall pay for any harm caused because of a pit you have dug
  56. Exodus 22:6
    You shall pay for any property you destroyed with fire
  57. Exodus 22:7+
    You shall pay double for anything stolen while under your care
  58. Exodus 22:8
    You shall have to appear before a judge to determine your innocence
  59. Exodus 22:9
    You shall pay for anything stolen while under your hire
  60. Exodus 22:14
    You shall pay for anything borrowed and loss or stolen
  61. Exodus 22:15
    You shall pay for and marry a virgin who is not engaged
  62. Exodus 22:17[
    Judges and Courts shall not allow a sorceress or witch to live among you
  63. Exodus 22:20[21]
    You shall not wrong a ger [convert]
  64. Exodus 22:20
    You shall not oppress a ger [convert] with insulting words etc.
  65. Exodus 22:21[22]
    You shall not afflict a widow or an orphan
  66. Exodus 22:24,25
    You shall lend to the poor and needy
  67. Exodus 22:24,25
    You shall not harass the poor and needy who have loans
  68. Exodus 22:25,26
    You shall not charge the poor and needy interest on loans
  69. Exodus 22:27a
    You shall not blaspheme the name of HaShem
  70. Exodus 22:27b
    You shall not curse your judicial leaders or judges
  71. Exodus 22:27c
    You shall not curse your political leader
  72. Exodus 22:28
    You shall not delay in making your offerings
  73. Exodus 22:30
    You shall not eat anything that is terafah, torn from a dead animal
  74. Exodus 23:1a
    You shall not repeat a false or slanderous report
  75. Exodus 23:1b
    You shall not lie to protect a wicked man or woman
  76. Exodus 23:2a
    You shall not join a majority, multitude or mob to do evil
  77. Exodus 23:2b
    You shall not lie to pervert justice
  78. Exodus 23:2c
    You shall testify truthfully
  79. Exodus 23:3
    Judges shall show no favor to a poor man in a lawsuit because he is poor
  80. Exodus 23:5
    You shall assist anyone who has a legitimate need
  81. Exodus 23:6
    You shall not show favoritism when giving testimony
  82. Exodus 23:7
    Judges shall not condemn anyone based on circumstantial evidence
  83. Exodus 23:8
    Judges shall not accept a bribe or gift while judging someone
  84. Exodus 23:11
    You shall allow the land to have a Sabbath rest every 7 years
  85. Exodus 23:12
    You shall cease from all work on the Shabbat
  86. Exodus 23:13a
    You shall not call on the names of other gods
  87. Exodus 23:13b
    You shall not even discusses matters pertaining to idolatry
  88. Exodus 23:14
    You shall appear before HaShem 3 times a year
  89. Exodus 23:18a
    You shall not offer up the Pesach without having removed all Chametz
  90. Exodus 23:18b
    You shall not allow any of the fat of the Pesach to remain
  91. Exodus 23:19a
    You shall bring the choice first fruits to the Lord
  92. Exodus 23:19b
    You shall not offer up a kid unless he has been taken from his mother
  93. Exodus 23:32
    You shall not make a covenant with any peoples living in the Land
  94. Exodus 23:33
    You shall not allow idolaters dwell in the Land
  95. Exodus 25:8
    The House of Israel build a Temple in the Land
  96. Exodus 25:15
    The Priests shall not remove the staves from the rings of the golden ark
  97. Exodus 25:30
    The Priests shall display the showbread on the table before the Lord
  98. Exodus 27:21
    The Priests shall light the menorah and it shall burn continuously
  99. Exodus 28:4
    The Priests shall wear special garments
  100. Exodus 28:28
    The Priest shall not loosen the breastplate from the ephod
  101. Exodus 28:32
    The Priest shall not wear a garment that is or can be torn
  102. Exodus 29:33
    The Priests shall eat from the offerings that make atonement
  103. Exodus 30:7
    The Priests shall burn incense upon the altar
  104. Exodus 30:9
    The Priests shall not offer any strange incense upon the altar
  105. Exodus 30:13
    You shall give one half shekel as a Temple tax each year
  106. Exodus 30:19
    The Priests shall wash their hands and feet before ministering
  107. Exodus 30:25
    The Priests shall make the holy anointing oil
  108. Exodus 30:32a
    No one is anointed unless he is a priest
  109. Exodus 30:32b
    No one shall try to mix or imitate the anointing oil
  110. Exodus 30:37
    No one shall try to mix or imitate the anointing oil for personal use
  111. Exodus 34:12
    You shall not eat and drink a covenant with idolaters
  112. Exodus 34:21
    You shall work the land six years, but on the Sabbatical year
  113. Exodus 34:26
    You shall not cook meat and milk products together [halakhah]
  114. Exodus 35:3
    You shall not kindle a fire to cook in your dwellings on the Shabbat
  115. Leviticus 1:3
    You shall offer a burnt offering as an act of total consecration
  116. Leviticus 2:1
    You shall offer a meal offering for specific purposes
  117. Leviticus 2:11
    You shall not offer leavened bread or honey with any fire offering
  118. Leviticus 2:13
    You shall not offer any Grain offering without applying salt
  119. Leviticus 2:13
    You shall offer salt with all of your offerings
  120. Leviticus 4:13, 14
    The Priest offers a sin offering if the community errors in judgment
  121. Leviticus 4:27, 28
    You shall bring a chatat offering if you sinned inadvertently [beshogag]
  122. Leviticus 5:1
    You shall testify if you are aware of evidence
  123. Leviticus 5:6
    You shall offer an Asham if you become aware of guilt being incurred
  124. Leviticus 5:8
    You shall not sever the head of a bird offering
  125. Leviticus 5:11
    You shall not add oil to a chatat offering to embellish it
  126. Leviticus 5:11
    You shall not add incense to a chatat offering to embellish it
  127. Leviticus 5:16
    You shall add 1/value to restitution of sacred property damaged
  128. Leviticus 5:18
    You shall offer a guilt offering when in doubt of a inadvertent sin
  129. Leviticus 5:23
    You shall add 1/value to restitution of anything stolen
  130. Leviticus 5:25
    You shall bring an Asham offering for any conscious sin
  131. Leviticus 6:3
    Priests shall remove the ashes from the altar at the proper times
  132. Leviticus 6:5a
    Priests shall keep the fire burning on the altar continually
  133. Leviticus 6:5b
    Priests shall not allow the fire of the altar to go out for any reason
  134. Leviticus 6:9
    Priests shall eat of the meal offerings
  135. Leviticus 6:10
    Priests shall not eat the meal offerings with leaven
  136. Leviticus 6:13 High
    Priests shall offer a meal offerings each day
  137. Leviticus 6:16
    You shall not eat of the meal offerings reserved for the kohanim
  138. Leviticus 6:18
    You shall offer a chatat for any unintentional sin
  139. Leviticus 6:23
    Priest shall not eat of a chatat that has been brought into the holy place
  140. Leviticus 7:1
    You shall offer an Asham offering for restitution and indemnity
  141. Leviticus 7:11
    You shall offer a Shalom offering for specific reasons
  142. Leviticus 7:15
    Priests shall not leave any thanksgiving offering until the next day
  143. Leviticus 7:17
    Priests shall burn any sacrifice that has remained until the next day
  144. Leviticus 7:18
    Priests shall not eat of any sacrifice that has remained left over
  145. Leviticus 7:19a
    Priests shall not eat of any sacrifice that has become defiled [tamei]
  146. Leviticus 7:19b
    Priests shall burn any sacrifice that has become defiled [tamei]
  147. Leviticus 7:23
    You shall not eat of the forbidden fat from any animal
  148. Leviticus 7:26
    You shall not eat any blood of any kind
  149. Leviticus 10:6
    Priests shall not wear long hair
  150. Leviticus 10:6
    Priests shall not enter the Temple with torn garments
  151. Leviticus 10:7
    Priests shall not leave the Temple during a service
  152. Leviticus 10:9
    Priests shall not enter the Temple if he is drunk
  153. Leviticus 11:2
    You shall only eat animals with both split hoofs and who chew the cud
  154. Leviticus 11:4
    You shall not eat animals who only have split hoofs or only chews cud
  155. Leviticus 11:9
    You shall eat only fish with fins and scales
  156. Leviticus 11:11
    You shall not eat fish who only have fins or only have scales
  157. Leviticus 11:13
    You shall not eat impure birds [scavengers and predators]
  158. Leviticus 11:21
    You shall eat only insects with four jointed legs and that leap on earth
  159. Leviticus 11:29
    You shall become defiled if you touch the carcass of any shratzim
  160. Leviticus 11:34
    You shall become defiled if you eat food which has become tamei
  161. Leviticus 11:39
    You shall become defiled if you eat or carry Carrion
  162. Leviticus 11:41
    You shall not eat swarming things upon the earth
  163. Leviticus 11:42
    You shall not eat swarming things that crawl on belly or on many feet
  164. Leviticus 11:43a
    You shall not eat swarming things that swarm in the water making you tamei
  165. Leviticus 11:43b
    You shall not become spiritually dull through tamei [Deuteronomy 14:3]
  166. Leviticus 11:44
    You shall not eat swarming things that swarm in the air
  167. Leviticus 12:2-5
    Women shall be impure after giving birth and are to make mikvah
  168. Leviticus 12:6
    Women shall bring offering for purification
  169. Leviticus 13:2 Lepers shall be examined by the
    Priests to determine status
  170. Leviticus 13:33
    You shall not cut off hair that shows symptoms of mange [scurf]
  171. Leviticus 13:45
    Lepers shall cry "Tamei, Tamei" when anyone approaches
  172. Leviticus 13:47
    Lepers shall wear certain identifiable garments
  173. Leviticus 14:2
    Lepers shall be must undergo purification after he has been healed
  174. Leviticus 14:8
    Lepers shall shave off hair, mikvah, wash clothes and live outside the camp
  175. Leviticus 14:9
    Lepers shall shave off all hair, beard, eyebrows on the seventh 7
  176. Leviticus 14:10
    Lepers shall make offerings after he is declared taharah or pure
  177. Leviticus 14:35
    Lepers homes shall be considered tamei
  178. Leviticus 15:3
    Men shall be tamei if they have a discharge [zav]of any kind
  179. Leviticus 15:14
    Men shall bring offering after being healed of the discharge [zav]
  180. Leviticus 15:16
    Men shall be tamei if they have a seminal discharge and renders tamei
  181. Leviticus 15:19
    Women shall be tamei during their menstruation and renders tamei
  182. Leviticus 15:25
    Women shall be tamei with any kind of zavah discharge and renders tamei
  183. Leviticus 15:29
    Women shall bring an offering after being healed of zavah discharge
  184. Leviticus 16:2
    High Priest shall not enter holy of holies except on Yom Kippur
  185. Leviticus 16:3
    The High Priest shall precisely perform the service on Yom Kippur
  186. Leviticus 17:4
    You shall not offer a sacrifice outside the Temple complex
  187. Leviticus 17:13
    You shall cover the blood of the sacrifice that is on the ground
  188. Leviticus 18:6
    You shall not commit incest with any member of your family
  189. Leviticus 18:7a
    You shall not commit homosexual acts with your father
  190. Leviticus 18:7b
    You shall not commit incest with your mother
  191. Leviticus 18:8
    You shall not commit incest with your step mother
  192. Leviticus 18:9
    You shall not commit incest with your sister
  193. Leviticus 18:10a
    You shall not commit incest with your son's daughter
  194. Leviticus 18:10b
    You shall not commit incest with your daughter's daughter
  195. Leviticus 18:10c
    You shall not commit incest with your daughter
  196. Leviticus 18:11
    You shall not commit incest with the daughter of your father's wife
  197. Leviticus 18:12
    You shall not commit incest with your paternal aunt
  198. Leviticus 18:13
    You shall not commit incest with your maternal aunt
  199. Leviticus 18:14a
    You shall not commit homosexual acts with your uncle
  200. Leviticus 18:14b
    You shall not commit incest with the wife of your paternal uncle
  201. Leviticus 18:15
    You shall not commit incest with your son's wife
  202. Leviticus 18:16
    You shall not commit incest with your brother's wife
  203. Leviticus 18:17a
    You shall not marry with both a woman and her daughter
  204. Leviticus 18:17b
    You shall not commit incest with a woman and the daughter of her son
  205. Leviticus 18:17c
    You shall not commit incest with a woman and the daughter of her daughter
  206. Leviticus 18:18
    You shall not marry your wife's sister [while the wife is alive]
  207. Leviticus 18:19
    You shall not have intercourse with a woman who is menstruant
  208. Leviticus 18:21
    You shall not abort or put to death your child
  209. Leviticus 18:22
    You shall not commit any homosexual or lesbian acts
  210. Leviticus 18:23a
    Men shall not have sexual intercourse with an animal of any kind
  211. Leviticus 18:23b
    Women shall not have sexual intercourse with an animal of any kind
  212. Leviticus 19:3
    You shall honor, respect and obey your parents
  213. Leviticus 19:4a
    You shall not regard an idol in speech, thought or touch
  214. Leviticus 19:4b
    You shall not fashion any idol for others
  215. Leviticus 19:6
    You shall not eat a offering after the fixed time
  216. Leviticus 19:9a
    You shall not reap the corners of your fields
  217. Leviticus 19:9b
    You shall leave the produce of the corner fields for the poor
  218. Leviticus 19:9c
    You shall not pick up off produce that has fallen upon the ground
  219. Leviticus 19:10a
    You shall leave the produce that has fallen for the poor
  220. Leviticus 19:10b
    You shall not glean all of the grapes of the vines
  221. Leviticus 19:10c
    You shall leave some of the grapes for the poor
  222. Leviticus 19:10d
    You shall not pick up grapes that fall to the ground
  223. Leviticus 19:10e
    You shall leave some of the grape on the ground for the poor
  224. Leviticus 19:11a
    You shall not steal money for any reason or motivation
  225. Leviticus 19:11b
    You shall not deny possessing anything that is not yours
  226. Leviticus 19:11c
    You shall not swear falsely that you possess something
  227. Leviticus 19:12
    You shall not make any false oaths
  228. Leviticus 19:13a
    You shall not oppress someone by holding on to his money
  229. Leviticus 19:13b
    You shall not take anything with the authorization to do so
  230. Leviticus 19:13c
    You shall not withhold the wages of someone who has worked for you
  231. Leviticus 19:14b
    You shall not curse a deaf person
  232. Leviticus 19:14c
    You shall not put a stumbling block in front of the blind
  233. Leviticus 19:15a
    You shall not corrupt justice
  234. Leviticus 19:15b
    Judges shall not show partiality to the wealthy or influential
  235. Leviticus 19:15c
    Judges and Courts shall dispense justice with fairness
  236. Leviticus 19:16a
    You shall not be a talebearer
  237. Leviticus 19:16b
    You shall not withhold aide to your neighbor
  238. Leviticus 19:17a
    You shall not hate or despise your neighbor
  239. Leviticus 19:17b
    You shall rebuke someone who has done evil regardless of age
  240. Leviticus 19:17c
    You shall not shame your neighbor in public
  241. Leviticus 19:18a
    You shall not take vengeance upon your neighbor
  242. Leviticus 19:18b
    You shall not bear a grudge against the sons of your neighbor
  243. Leviticus 19:18c
    You shall love your neighbor as yourself
  244. Leviticus 19:19a
    You shall not cross breed animals or any kind
  245. Leviticus 19:19b
    You shall not cross seeds to make hybrids
  246. Leviticus 19:23
    You shall not eat the fruit of a new tree during its first 3 years
  247. Leviticus 19:24
    You shall take the fruit of a new tree on the year to Jerusalem
  248. Leviticus 19:26a
    You shall not be a drunkard, glutton or one who eats living flesh of animals
  249. Leviticus 19:26b
    You shall not put faith in soothsaying, superstition or supernatural insight
  250. Leviticus 19:26c
    You shall not have any regard for divination, astrology, fortune telling
  251. Leviticus 19:27a
    You shall not shave the hair around your ears
  252. Leviticus 19:27b
    You shall not shave the tips of your beard
  253. Leviticus 19:28
    You shall not tattoo any part of your body
  254. Leviticus 19:31a
    You shall not put faith in spiritualism necromancy, conjuration, magic, witchcraft
  255. Leviticus 19:31b
    You shall not believe in ghosts, familiar spirits, enchantment, sorcery
  256. Leviticus 19:32
    You shall show respect to the Torah and those who teach it
  257. Leviticus 19:35
    You shall not use false measurements or false weights in order to deceive
  258. Leviticus 19:36
    You shall adjust measurements and weights to reflect what is accurate
  259. Leviticus 20:9
    You shall not curse your parents
  260. Leviticus 20:10
    Judges and Courts shall put to death a man and woman committing adultery
  261. Leviticus 20:14
    Judges shall put to death one who marries both the mother and her daughter
  262. Leviticus 20:23
    You shall not practice the religious practice of any idolater
  263. Leviticus 21:1
    Priests shall not defile themselves with a dead body
  264. Leviticus 21:3
    Priests shall be able to defile themselves with the dead body of family
  265. Leviticus 21:6
    A priest who underwent immersion during the day (i.e., was cleansed from ritual impurity in a mikveh) shall not serve in the Sanctuary until after sunset
  266. Leviticus 21:7a
    Priests shall not marry a prostitute
  267. Leviticus 21:7b
    Priests shall not marry a woman who has a defective heredity
  268. Leviticus 21:7c
    Priests shall not marry a divorced woman
  269. Leviticus 21:8
    Priests shall be shown honor and respect
  270. Leviticus 21:11a
    Priests shall not enter a home where a dead body is laying
  271. Leviticus 21:11b
    High Priest shall not touch any dead body under any circumstances
  272. Leviticus 21:13
    High Priest shall be allowed to marry only a virgin
  273. Leviticus 21:14
    High Priest shall not marry a woman who has a defective heredity
  274. Leviticus 21:15
    High Priest shall not have intercourse with a widow
  275. Leviticus 21:17
    Priests shall not minister to the sanctuary if they develop a permanent blemish
  276. Leviticus 21:18
    Priests shall not minister to the sanctuary if they develop a temporary blemish
  277. Leviticus 21:23
    Priests shall not enter Temple complex if they have a blemish
  278. Leviticus 22:2
    Priests shall not enter the Temple complex in a state of tamei [impurity]
  279. Leviticus 22:4
    Priests shall not eat the offerings if they are in a state of tamei [impurity]
  280. Leviticus 22:10a
    You shall not eat the offerings if you are not a kohen
  281. Leviticus 22:10b
    You shall not eat the offerings even if you are a hired servant to a kohen
  282. Leviticus 22:10c
    No Uncircumcised Kohen shall eat of the offerings or sacrifices
  283. Leviticus 22:12
    You shall not eat of the offerings if you are the daughter of a kohen
  284. Leviticus 22:15
    You shall not eat what is tevel [separated from an offering or sacrifice]
  285. Leviticus 22:20
    You shall not bring an animal with a blemish to be sacrificed or offered up
  286. Leviticus 22:21a
    You shall bring only an animal without a defect to be sacrificed or offered up
  287. Leviticus 22:21b
    You shall not bring an animal with a defect to be sacrificed or offered up
  288. Leviticus 22:22a
    Priests shall not slaughter an animal with a defect
  289. Leviticus 22:22b
    Priests shall not burn fat upon the altar of an animal with a defect
  290. Leviticus 22:24a
    Priests shall not apply the blood to the altar of an animal with a defect
  291. Leviticus 22:24b
    You shall not castrate any living thing
  292. Leviticus 22:25
    Priests shall not offer up defective animals brought by gentiles
  293. Leviticus 22:27
    You shall bring only animals as an offering who are at least 8 days old
  294. Leviticus 22:28
    Priests shall not slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day
  295. Leviticus 22:32a
    You shall not profane the divine name
  296. Leviticus 22:32b
    You shall suffer martyrdom rather than blaspheme, murder, idolatry
  297. Leviticus 23:7a
    You shall rest on the day of Chag Matzah
  298. Leviticus 23:7b
    You shall not do any form of melakhah on day of Chag Matzah
  299. Leviticus 23:8a
    You shall bring offerings each day of Chag Matzah
  300. Leviticus 23:8b
    You shall rest on the 7th day of Chag Matzah
  301. Leviticus 23:8b
    You shall not engage in any work melakhah on the 7th day of Chag Matzah
  302. Leviticus 23:10
    You shall offer the omer offering during Chag Matzah
  303. Leviticus 23:14a
    You shall not eat of new grain until the appointed time
  304. Leviticus 23:14b
    You shall not eat parched grain from new grain before the appointed time
  305. Leviticus 23:14c
    You shall not eat fresh ears of grain from new grain before the appointed time
  306. Leviticus 23:16
    You shall count the omer each day during the Feast of Weeks
  307. Leviticus 23:17
    You shall celebrate the day of Shavuot with prescribed offerings
  308. Leviticus 23:21a
    You shall rest on the day of Shavuot
  309. Leviticus 23:21b
    You shall not do any form of melakhah on day of Shavuot
  310. Leviticus 23:24
    You shall rest on the day of Rosh Hashanah
  311. Leviticus 23:25a
    You shall not do any form of melakhah on Rosh Hashanah
  312. Leviticus 23:25b
    You shall bring a double portion of offering on Rosh Hashanah
  313. Leviticus 23:27a
    You shall fast on the day of Atonement Yom Kippur
  314. Leviticus 23:27b
    You shall bring a double portion of offering on Yom Kippur
  315. Leviticus 23:28
    You shall not do any form of melakhah on Yom Kippur
  316. Leviticus 23:29
    You shall not eat or drink anything on Yom Kippur
  317. Leviticus 23:32
    You shall rest completely on Yom Kippur
  318. Leviticus 23:34,35
    You shall rest on the first day of Sukkot
  319. Leviticus 23:35
    You shall not do any form of melakhah on first day of Sukkot
  320. Leviticus 23:36a
    You shall bring double portion of offerings each day of Sukkot
  321. Leviticus 23:36b
    You shall rest on the eight day of Sukkot
  322. Leviticus 23:36c
    You shall bring an offering on the eighth day of Sukkot
  323. Leviticus 23:36d
    You shall not work on the eighth day of Sukkot
  324. Leviticus 23:40
    You shall celebrate Sukkot with lulav, etrog, aravoth and hadasim
  325. Leviticus 23:42
    You shall dwell in the Sukkah each of the 7 days of Sukkot
  326. Leviticus 25:4a
    You shall not work the land on the Sabbatical Year
  327. Leviticus 25:4b
    You shall not do any form of arboriculture during the Sabbatical Year
  328. Leviticus 25:5a
    You shall not harvest the after growth during the Sabbatical Year
  329. Leviticus 25:5b
    You shall not gather nor glean the fruits from trees during the Sabbatical Year
  330. Leviticus 25:8
    The Government shall keep track of the Jubilee year
  331. Leviticus 25:9
    You shall blow the shofar on Yom Kippur of the Jubilee year
  332. Leviticus 25:10
    You shall rest and allow the land to lay fallow during the Jubilee Year
  333. Leviticus 25:11a
    You shall not perform arboriculture or agriculture during Jubilee Year
  334. Leviticus 25:11b
    You shall not reap or harvest any fruit from aftergrowth during Jubilee year
  335. Leviticus 25:11c
    You shall not reap or harvest any fruit from a vine during Jubilee year
  336. Leviticus 25:14a
    You shall buy and sell land during Jubilee openly and fairly, without deception
  337. Leviticus 25:14b
    You shall trade during Jubilee in a open and fair way, without deception
  338. Leviticus 25:17
    You shall not cheat one another during the Jubilee Year
  339. Leviticus 25:23
    You shall not sell the land permanently because it belongs to HaShem
  340. Leviticus 25:24
    You shall restore all hereditary lands during Jubilee Year
  341. Leviticus 25:29
    You shall be able to redeem a home within one year
  342. Leviticus 25:34
    You shall not sell the open land around Levitical cities
  343. Leviticus 25:37
    You shall not charge interest of a poor covenant brother
  344. Leviticus 25:39
    You shall not humiliate a poor brother with oppressive or degrading tasks
  345. Leviticus 25:42
    You shall not sell a Hebrew maid-servant in public
  346. Leviticus 25:43
    You shall not humiliate a poor brother with unnecessary tasks
  347. Leviticus 25:46
    You shall be able to transfer a gentile slave to your children
  348. Leviticus 25:53
    You shall not allow a Canaanite [or gentile] to enslave a covenant brother
  349. Leviticus 26:1
    You shall not bow, even to worship Ha Shem, before any idol or image
  350. Leviticus 27:2
    You shall be able to avoid completion of a vow by paying an endowment
  351. Leviticus 27:10a
    You shall not substitute for an animal committed for an endowment
  352. Leviticus 27:10b
    You shall consecrate to HaShem both animals that you attempt to switch
  353. Leviticus 27:11-12
    You shall add an additional 20 % if the endowment animal is defective
  354. Leviticus 27:14
    You shall be able to offer your property or home as an endowment
  355. Leviticus 27:16
    You shall be able to offer your fields as an endowment
  356. Leviticus 27:26
    You shall not sacrifice a first born animal, it already belongs to HaShem
  357. Leviticus 27:28a
    You shall determine what is taboo cherem to HaShem
  358. Leviticus 27:28b
    You shall not sell fields or real estate that have been consecrated to HaShem
  359. Leviticus 27:28c
    You shall not redeem fields or real estate that have been consecrated
  360. Leviticus 27:32
    You shall consecrate one out of every ten of your herds to HaShem
  361. Leviticus 27:33
    You shall not substitute, sell or redeem an animal that has been consecrated
  362. Numbers 5:2
    You shall quarantine those in a state of impurity outside the camp
  363. Numbers 5:3
    You shall not enter the presence of HaShem in a state of impurity
  364. Numbers 5:7
    You shall agree with HaShem on your sin and repent of it
  365. Numbers 5:15
    You shall bring the unfaithful wife before the Priests for judgment
  366. Numbers 5:15
    You shall not add oil to a meal offering of a wife suspected of unfaithfulness
  367. Numbers 5:15
    You shall not add frankincense to a meal offering of a wife suspected
  368. Numbers 6:3a
    You shall not drink wine or strong drink during a Nazarite vow
  369. Numbers 6:3b
    You shall not eat fresh grapes during a Nazarite vow
  370. Numbers 6:3c
    You shall not eat raisins during a Nazarite vow
  371. Numbers 6:4a
    You shall not eat grape seeds during a Nazarite vow
  372. Numbers 6:4b
    You shall not eat grape skins during a Nazarite vow
  373. Numbers 6:5a
    You shall not enter a house with a corpse during a Nazarite vow
  374. Numbers 6:5b
    You shall allow your hair to grow long during a Nazarite vow
  375. Numbers 6:6c
    You shall not enter any building with a corpse in it during a Nazarite vow
  376. Numbers 6:7
    You shall not defile yourself by touching anything dead during a Nazarite vow
  377. Numbers 6:13, 18
    You shall cut your hair and bring offerings when your Nazarite vow is ended
  378. Numbers 6:23
    Priests shall recite the priestly blessings every day
  379. Numbers 7:9
    Priests shall carry the ark on their shoulders
  380. Numbers 9:11a
    You shall celebrate Pesach during Iyyar, if you did not in Nissan
  381. Numbers 9:11b
    You shall eat Pesach with unleavened bread and bitter herbs during Iyyar
  382. Numbers 9:12a
    You shall not leave any of the Pesach till the 1of Iyyar
  383. Numbers 9:12b
    You shall not break a bone of the Pesach offered during Iyyar
  384. Numbers 10:10
    You shall blow the shofar on all feasts and new moons
  385. Numbers 15:20, 21
    You shall give the Priests his share of the dough
  386. Numbers 15:38
    You shall wear tzitzit on the four corners of your garments
  387. Numbers 15:39
    You shall not indulge in thoughts that lead to adultery or apostasy
  388. Numbers 18:3a
    Priests and Levites shall guard and protect the sanctuary in Jerusalem
  389. Numbers 18:3b
    A Priest or Levite shall not switch responsibilities with any other priest or Levite
  390. Numbers 18:4
    You shall not serve as a Kohan or Levite if you are not one
  391. Numbers 18:5
    Priests shall not neglect duties as watchmen over the sanctuary
  392. Numbers 18:15
    You shall redeem the first born among humans
  393. Numbers 18:17
    You shall not redeem the firstborn among animals because they are HaShem's
  394. Numbers 18:23
    Levites shall control the gates and fill the choir during services
  395. Numbers 18:24
    You shall separate the first tithe for the Levites
  396. Numbers 18:26
    Levites shall separate a tenth of the first tithe for the Kohan
  397. Numbers 19:2
    You shall burn the red heifer and collect its ashes
  398. Numbers 19:14
    You shall treat the uncleanness of the dead in a special way
  399. Numbers 19:19, 21
    You shall use the ashes of the red heifer for purifications
  400. Numbers 27:8
    You shall pass down your inheritance according to certain laws
  401. Numbers 28:2, 3
    Priests shall offer the morning and evening offerings
  402. Numbers 28:9
    Priests shall offer the Sabbath offering in addition to the daily offering
  403. Numbers 28:11
    Priests shall offer the New Moon offering in addition to the daily offering
  404. Numbers 28:26, 27
    Priests shall offer the Shavuot offering in addition to the daily offerings
  405. Numbers 29:1
    You shall sound and hear the shofar on Rosh Hashanah
  406. Numbers 30:3a
    You shall cancel or annul vows according to your fathers instruction
  407. Numbers 30:3b
    You shall not fail to fulfill or change and modify a vow to HaShem
  408. Numbers 35:2
    You shall give the Levites cities to dwell in
  409. Numbers 35:12
    You shall not put to death a murderer without a trial
  410. Numbers 35:25
    You shall banish someone who committed murder unintentionally
  411. Numbers 35:30
    You shall not convict of murder without two witness
  412. Numbers 35:31
    You shall not redeem a murderer from the death penalty
  413. Numbers 35:32
    You shall not accept a bribe from a murderer
  414. Deuteronomy 1:17a
    Judges shall not give special consideration to anyone, but be fair
  415. Deuteronomy 1:17b
    Judges shall not show fear in his judgment
  416. Deuteronomy 5:18
    You shall not covet your covenant brother's wife
  417. Deuteronomy 6:4
    To know that HaShem is ONE
  418. Deuteronomy 6:5
    You shall love HaShem with all of your heart, strength, might
  419. Deuteronomy 6:7a
    You shall study and teach the Torah to your children
  420. Deuteronomy 6:7b
    You shall recite the Shema daily
  421. Deuteronomy 6:8a
    You shall wear the tefillin on the arm
  422. Deuteronomy 6:8b
    You shall wear the tefillin on the forehead
  423. Deuteronomy 6:9
    You shall put a mezuzah on the doorpost of your home
  424. Deuteronomy 6:16
    You shall not rebuke the prophet or teacher
  425. Deuteronomy 7:2a
    You shall remove all non-Jews from the Holy Land
  426. Deuteronomy 7:2b
    You shall not show pity or compassion when removing pagans from the Land
  427. Deuteronomy 7:3
    You shall not intermarry with non-Jews
  428. Deuteronomy 7:25
    You shall not derive any benefit from pagan objects of worship
  429. Deuteronomy 7:26
    You shall not possess any idols of the pagans
  430. Deuteronomy 8:10
    You shall bless HaShem after eating meals
  431. Deuteronomy 10:19
    You shall treat the stranger humanely
  432. Deuteronomy 10:20a
    You shall fear HaShem and not sin
  433. Deuteronomy 10:20b
    You shall pray to HaShem daily
  434. Deuteronomy 10:20c
    You shall associate and assemble with those who study Torah
  435. Deuteronomy 10:20d
    You shall swear by the Name of HaShem in truth
  436. Deuteronomy 12:2
    You shall destroy places of idolatry in the Land
  437. Deuteronomy 12:4
    You shall not destroy anything that is sanctified to HaShem
  438. Deuteronomy 12:5, 6
    You shall bring all your offerings and seeks HaShem's presence in Jerusalem
  439. Deuteronomy 12:13
    You shall not offer burnt offerings anyplace you desire
  440. Deuteronomy 12:14
    You shall slaughter animals for sacrifice only in Jerusalem
  441. Deuteronomy 12:15
    You shall slaughter animals for meat in your settlements
  442. Deuteronomy 12:17a
    You shall not eat of the second tithe grain in your own home
  443. Deuteronomy 12 17b
    You shall not eat of the second tithe of wine in your own home
  444. Deuteronomy 12:17c
    You shall not eat of the second tithe of oil in your own home
  445. Deuteronomy 12:17d
    You shall not eat a firstlings of animal offering in your own home
  446. Deuteronomy 12:17e
    You shall not eat meat of sin offering in your won home
  447. Deuteronomy 12:17f
    You shall not eat the meat of a burnt offering in your own home
  448. Deuteronomy 12:17g
    You shall not eat the meat of a thanksgiving offering in your own home
  449. Deuteronomy 12:17h
    You shall not eat the firstfruits offering in your own home
  450. Deuteronomy 12:19
    You shall not abandon the Levite
  451. Deuteronomy 12:21
    You shall slaughter animals in a humane and ritual way
  452. Deuteronomy 12:23
    You shall not eat flesh cut from a living animal
  453. Deuteronomy 12:26
    You shall offer all offerings and sacrifices only in the Temple
  454. Deuteronomy 13:1a
    You shall not add anything to Torah
  455. Deuteronomy 13:1b
    You shall not take anything away from the Torah
  456. Deuteronomy 13:4
    You shall not listen to the false prophet
  457. Deuteronomy 13:9a
    You shall not consent to the false prophet
  458. Deuteronomy 13:9b
    You shall not follow the false prophet
  459. Deuteronomy 13:9c
    You shall not deliver the false prophet from death
  460. Deuteronomy 13:9d
    You shall not plead for the life of the false prophet
  461. Deuteronomy 13:9e
    You shall not withhold evidence to convict a false prophet
  462. Deuteronomy 13:12
    You shall not entice someone else to idolatry
  463. Deuteronomy 13:15
    You shall examine witnesses thoroughly concerning idolatry
  464. Deuteronomy 13:17a
    You shall burn an apostate city and inhabitants killed
  465. Deuteronomy 13:17
    You shall not rebuild an apostate city
  466. Deuteronomy 13:18
    You shall not derive any benefit from the remains of an idolatrous city
  467. Deuteronomy 14:1
    You shall not cut oneself or pierce the flesh
  468. Deuteronomy 14:1
    You shall not shave the hair on your head
  469. Deuteronomy 14:3
    You shall not eat any detestable thing [trumah]
  470. Deuteronomy 14:11
    You shall eat only clean birds
  471. Deuteronomy 14:19
    You shall not eat winged swarming things
  472. Deuteronomy 14:21
    You shall not eat carrion, animals must be properly slaughtered
  473. Deuteronomy 14 :22
    You shall separate the second tithe of seed crops and eat of it in Jerusalem
  474. Deuteronomy 14:28
    You shall separate the poor man's tithe during the and year of every 7
  475. Deuteronomy 15:2
    You shall not press for a debt during the sabbatical year
  476. Deuteronomy 15:3
    You shall asked the gentile for payment during the Sabbatical year
  477. Deuteronomy 15:3
    You shall release all debts in the Sabbatical year
  478. Deuteronomy 15:7
    You shall not refrain from showing charity to your poor brother
  479. Deuteronomy 15:8
    You shall extend credit as your poor brother has need of
  480. Deuteronomy 15:9
    You shall not withhold credit because of the nearness of the Sabbatical year
  481. Deuteronomy 15:13
    You shall not release a slave on the Sabbatical year empty handed
  482. Deuteronomy 15:14
    You shall give a freed slave from your fields, vats and herds
  483. Deuteronomy 15:19a
    You shall not work with animals that have been consecrated to HaShem
  484. Deuteronomy 15:19b
    You shall not shear wool of animals that have been consecrated to HaShem
  485. Deuteronomy 16:3
    You shall not eat leavened bread after Pesach has begun
  486. Deuteronomy 16:4
    You shall not leave over night the Chagigah offering
  487. Deuteronomy 16:6
    You shall offer the Pesach Zevach before twilight, the evening of 1
  488. Deuteronomy 16:14
    You shall rejoice and celebrate during the 3 Pilgrim feasts
  489. Deuteronomy 16:16a
    You shall appear before HaShem 3 times a year within the Temple complex
  490. Deuteronomy 16:16b
    You shall not appear during the 3 Pilgrim feasts without an offering
  491. Deuteronomy 16:18
    Judges shall be appointed in every town to carry out justice
  492. Deuteronomy 16:21
    You shall not plant any trees on the Temple mount
  493. Deuteronomy 16:22
    You shall not erect any sacred pillars since HaShem hates them
  494. Deuteronomy 17:1
    You shall not offer up an animal that has a blemish or defect
  495. Deuteronomy 17:10
    You shall obey any halakhic rulings handed down from the Sanhedrin
  496. Deuteronomy 17:11
    You shall not ignore the interpretation of Torah or the rulings handed down
  497. Deuteronomy 17:15a
    You shall elect a leader that will obey Torah
  498. Deuteronomy 17:15b
    You shall not elect a non-Jew to lead the nation
  499. Deuteronomy 17:16
    The King shall not have more property than necessary
  500. Deuteronomy 17:16
    The King shall not return you to Egyptian bondage
  501. Deuteronomy 17:17a
    The King shall not have many wives
  502. Deuteronomy 17:17
    The King shall not accumulate gold and silver
  503. Deuteronomy 17:18
    The King shall write the Torah and keep it always by his side
  504. Deuteronomy 18:1
    The Levites and Kohanim shall not receive the spoils of war or territory
  505. Deuteronomy 18:2
    The Levites and Kohanim shall not have any heritage among their brothers
  506. Deuteronomy 18:3
    The Priests shall have the shoulder, cheeks and jaw of a sacrifice
  507. Deuteronomy 18:4
    The Priests shall have the first portion of grain, wine and oil
  508. Deuteronomy 18:4
    The Priests shall have the firs portion of the shearing
  509. Deuteronomy 18:7
    The Levites shall serve as the Temple policemen [mishmaroth]
  510. Deuteronomy 18:10
    You shall not allow enchanters live among the people
  511. Deuteronomy 18:10
    You shall not allow magicians, witches or wizards to live among the people
  512. Deuteronomy 18:11a
    You shall not allow charmers to live among the people
  513. Deuteronomy 18:11b
    You shall not allow spiritualists to live among the people
  514. Deuteronomy 18:11c
    You shall not allow conjurers of spirits, ghosts, live among your people
  515. Deuteronomy 18:11d
    You shall not allow necromancers to exist among your people
  516. Deuteronomy 18:15
    You shall listen diligently to the [Mashiach] anointed prophet
  517. Deuteronomy 18:20
    You shall not tolerate a false prophet in your midst
  518. Deuteronomy 18:20
    You shall not allow the false prophet to live
  519. Deuteronomy 18:22
    You shall not fear putting a false prophet to death
  520. Deuteronomy 19:2, 3
    You shall establish 3 cities of refuge in the West Bank
  521. Deuteronomy 19:13
    Judges shall not have pity or compassion on a murderer
  522. Deuteronomy 19:14
    You shall not move or remove your brothers boundary marker
  523. Deuteronomy 19:15
    You shall not admit the testimony of only one person
  524. Deuteronomy 19:19
    You shall punish the false witness with the same punishment of his accused
  525. Deuteronomy 20 :3
    You shall not fear the enemy during the time of war
  526. Deuteronomy 20:2
    Anointed Priest shall encourage the army before a battle
  527. Deuteronomy 20:11
    You shall offer terms of peace before going to battle
  528. Deuteronomy 20:16
    You shall utterly destroy all Canaanites from the Land
  529. Deuteronomy 20:19
    You shall not destroy any fruit tree during the course of battle
  530. Deuteronomy 21:1, 4
    Priests shall break the neck of a calf to purify the land
  531. Deuteronomy 21:4
    You shall not plough or sow in the area where the calf's neck has been broken
  532. Deuteronomy 21:11
    You shall be able to take for your wife a beautiful woman taken captive
  533. Deuteronomy 21:14a
    You shall not sell the beautiful captive after you have married her
  534. Deuteronomy 21:14b
    You shall not make the beautiful captive a slave after you have married her
  535. Deuteronomy 21:22
    Judges shall hang a blasphemer and an idolater
  536. Deuteronomy 21:23a
    Judges and Courts shall not allow a corpse remain exposed after nightfall
  537. Deuteronomy 21:23b
    Judges and Courts shall bury anyone on the very day of their death
  538. Deuteronomy 22:1
    You shall restore anything you found to its rightful owner
  539. Deuteronomy 22:3
    You shall not ignore that a brother owns something you found or have
  540. Deuteronomy 22:4a
    You shall not withhold help from a brother whose animal has fallen under a load
  541. Deuteronomy 22:4b
    You shall help unload and load your brother's fallen animal
  542. Deuteronomy 22:5a
    Women shall not wear men's garments
  543. Deuteronomy 22:5b
    Men shall not wear the garments of women
  544. Deuteronomy 22:6
    You shall not take a mother bird and her young from a nest
  545. Deuteronomy 22:7
    You shall set free the mother bird before taking the young from the nest
  546. Deuteronomy 22:8a
    You shall place a guard rail around a structure so that no one falls
  547. Deuteronomy 22:8b
    You shall not leave anything lying around that might cause an accident
  548. Deuteronomy 22:9a
    You shall not plant diverse types of species in one garden
  549. Deuteronomy 22:9b
    You shall not benefit from the produce of diverse types of species
  550. Deuteronomy 22 :10
    You shall not yoke together diverse kinds of animals
  551. Deuteronomy 22:11
    You shall not wear mingled clothing of wool and linen
  552. Deuteronomy 22:13
    You shall be married either by money, document or copulation
  553. Deuteronomy 22:19
    You shall be punished if you false accuse your wife of not being a virgin
  554. Deuteronomy 22:19
    Women falsely accused by their husband can never be divorced
  555. Deuteronomy 22:24
    Judges shall stone a man and a betroth virgin who consented to intercourse
  556. Deuteronomy 22:26
    Judges and Courts shall stone a man who rapes a unconsenting betroth virgin
  557. Deuteronomy 22:29
    You shall marry and pay indemnity if you had sex with a man's virgin daughter
  558. Deuteronomy 22:29
    You shall not ever divorce a virgin you had sex with while she was unbetrothed
  559. Deuteronomy 23:2
    You shall not marry an Israelite if you have crushed testicles or no penis
  560. Deuteronomy 23:3
    You shall not marry an Israelite if you had no father [bastard child]
  561. Deuteronomy 23:4
    A gentile may not marry an Israelite unless they convert
  562. Deuteronomy 23:7
    You shall never make peace with the inhabitants of the Land
  563. Deuteronomy 23:8
    You shall not despise an Edomite [Jordanians]
  564. Deuteronomy 23:8
    You shall not despise an Egyptian
  565. Deuteronomy 23:11
    You shall not remain in the camp if you are in a state of tamei
  566. Deuteronomy 23:13
    You shall establish a sewage plant outside the city for sanitary reasons
  567. Deuteronomy 23:14
    You shall have a tool to cover your excrement with dirt
  568. Deuteronomy 23:16
    You shall not return a fugitive to his native country if he makes it to the Land
  569. Deuteronomy 23:17
    You shall not return a slave to his master if he escapes to the Land
  570. Deuteronomy 23:18
    You shall not have premarital sex and thus prostitute yourself
  571. Deuteronomy 23:19
    You shall not offer an offering purchased with the earnings of a prostitute
  572. Deuteronomy 23:21
    You shall be able to earn interest on loans you made with gentiles
  573. Deuteronomy 23:20
    You shall not receive interest earned on loans you made to Israelites
  574. Deuteronomy 23:22
    You shall not delay in making payment of a vow [before the third pilgrim feasts]
  575. Deuteronomy 23:24
    You shall keep your vows exactly as you made them
  576. Deuteronomy 23:25a
    You shall allow a laborer to eat of the produce as he is harvesting
  577. Deuteronomy 23:25b
    You shall not allow a laborer to fill a receptacle while he is harvesting
  578. Deuteronomy 23:26
    You shall not harvest your neighbors field for your own benefit
  579. Deuteronomy 24:1
    You shall divorce your wife only after giving her a "get" bill of divorcement
  580. Deuteronomy 24:4
    You shall not remarry a wife you divorced after she has married another
  581. Deuteronomy 24:5a
    You shall not enter military service during the first year of his marriage
  582. Deuteronomy 24:5b
    You shall be free from any service during the first year of marriage
  583. Deuteronomy 24:6
    You shall not take as a pledge, anything necessary for the preparation of food
  584. Deuteronomy 24:8
    You shall not neglect the symptoms of leprosy
  585. Deuteronomy 24:10
    You shall not take anything as security by force
  586. Deuteronomy 24:12
    You shall not keep anything given as security by a poor man overnight
  587. Deuteronomy 24:13
    You shall return a security at sundown if the debtor has need of it
  588. Deuteronomy 24:15
    You shall pay a laborer his wage immediately when the work is finished
  589. Deuteronomy 24:16
    Judges shall not hear evidence from an accused immediate family
  590. Deuteronomy 24:17a
    You shall not hinder justice from the proselyte or the orphan
  591. Deuteronomy 24:17b
    You shall not take evidence from a woman
  592. Deuteronomy 24:19
    You shall leave the forgotten sheaf for the poor, widowed and orphaned
  593. Deuteronomy 24:19
    You shall not go and get the forgotten sheaf for your self
  594. Deuteronomy 25:2
    Judges shall be able to punish someone with 39 lashes [40 less one]
  595. Deuteronomy 25:3
    Judges shall not punish anyone with more than 40 lashes
  596. Deuteronomy 25:4
    You shall not muzzle the animal as it works for you
  597. Deuteronomy 25:5a
    You shall marry your brother's wife when your brother dies childless
  598. Deuteronomy 25:5b
    You shall name the first born son after the name of the dead brother
  599. Deuteronomy 25:9
    You shall not refuse to marry your brother's wife less she performs chalitzah
  600. Deuteronomy 25:12a
    You shall remove the hand of a woman who grabs a man's penis to crush it
  601. Deuteronomy 25:12b
    You shall not have mercy for a woman who grabs a man's penis to crush it
  602. Deuteronomy 25:13
    You shall not continue to use defective weights when you are aware of it
  603. Deuteronomy 25:17
    You shall remember what the Amalekites did to the Hebrews in the wilderness
  604. Deuteronomy 25:19a
    You shall utterly destroy the Amalekites from the Land
  605. Deuteronomy 25:19b
    You shall never forget what the Amalekites did to the Hebrews in the wilderness
  606. Deuteronomy 26:5
    You shall proclaim this when making aliyah and presenting your first offering
  607. Deuteronomy 26:13
    You shall quote this passage when you have completed the "separated tithes"
  608. Deuteronomy 26:14a
    You shall not eat of the second tithe when in mourning
  609. Deuteronomy 26:14b
    You shall not eat of the second tithe when in a state of tamei
  610. Deuteronomy 26:14c
    You shall not have used the second tithe money except on food and drink
  611. Deuteronomy 28:9
    You shall always act according to Torah with tender mercy and lovingkindness
  612. Deuteronomy 31:12
    You shall assemble all of Israel on the Festival of Sukkot
  613. Deuteronomy 31:19
    You shall write and possess for yourselves the entire Torah.

Taryag Mitzvot (Rambam's List)

In Maimonides' list you will notice considerable overlap of the selected commandments, perhaps as the result of the gematria/superstition that there must be exactly 613 found in the Torah. Note also that Maimonides seems to regard Christians as "idolaters," whom he calls "missionaries," though the texts he uses from Torah against "missionaries" obviously have no historical reference to Christianity.

Next to each Scripture reference from the Torah, I have added one or more corresponding New Testament commandments (many others could be cited, but in the interests of brevity, I have kept the references to a minimum). Some laws simply do not apply to Christians at all (for example, laws concerning Temple practices, agricultural laws, civil laws, and so on), though clearly the NT contains ALL the principles of the Torah in superior form (in fact, Yeshua the Mashiach went beyond the letter of the Torah to expose its underlying principles. For example, see Matthew 5-7).

  1. To know there is a God
    Ex. 20:2; John 14:1; 17:3, etc.
  2. Not to entertain thoughts of other gods besides Him
    Ex. 20:3; Acts 15:29; 21:25; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5; 1 Cor. 10:7; Rev. 21:8; 22:15; 1 Peter 4:3; Gal 5:19-20; 1 John 5:21
  3. To know that God is One
    Deut. 6:4; Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30; Luke 10:27; 1 Cor. 2:9; Gal. 3:20; 1 Tim. 2:5
  4. To love God
    Deut. 6:5; Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30; Luke 10:27; 1 Cor. 2:9; Rom. 8:28; 1 Cor. 8:3
  5. To fear God
    Deut. 10:20; 2 Cor 7:1; Heb. 12:28
  6. To sanctify His Name
    Lev. 22:32; 1 Peter 1:16-17
  7. Not to profane His Name
    Lev. 22:32; Heb. 9:13; Col. 3:8; 1 Peter 1:16-17
  8. Not to destroy objects associated with His Name
    Deut. 12:4; 1 John 5:21
  9. To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name
    Deut. 18:15; Matt. 3:17; 17:5; Mark 1:11; 9:7; Luke 3:22; 9:35; 20:13; 1 Cor. 4:17; 2 Tim. 1:2; 2 Pet. 1:17
  10. Not to test the prophet unduly
    Deut. 6:16; Luke 4:12
  11. To emulate God's ways
    Deut. 28:9; John 12:26; Eph. 5:1
  12. To cleave to those who know God
    Deut. 10:20; Heb 10:25
  13. To love other Jews
    Lev. 19:18; Luke 10:27; note NT extends this to all people
  14. To love converts (or believers)
    Deut. 10:19; John 13:34f; 15:12, 17; Rom. 12:10; 13:8; Gal. 5:13; Eph. 4:2; 1 Thess. 3:12; 4:9; Heb. 10:24; 1 Pet. 1:22; 3:8; 1 John 3:11, 23; 4:7, 11f; 2 John 1:5
  15. Not to hate fellow Jews
    Lev. 19:17; 1 John 2:9, 11; 3:15; 4:20
  16. To reprove a sinner
    Lev. 19:17; John 16:8; Eph. 5:11; 2 Tim. 4:2
  17. Not to embarrass others
    Lev. 19:17; Phil. 2:3; 1 Thess. 5:13
  18. Not to oppress the weak
    Ex. 22:21; James 2:6
  19. Not to speak derogatorily of others
    Lev. 19:16; 1 Tim 3:11; Eph. 4:29 
  20. Not to take revenge
    Lev. 19:18; Rom 12:19; 2 Thess. 1:8; Heb 10:30
  21. Not to bear a grudge
    Lev. 19:18; James 5:9
  22. To learn Torah
    Deut. 6:7; Matt. 28:19-20; Col 3:16; Titus 2:11-12; 2 Tim 3:15-1; 4:2-3; Titus 2:1
  23. To honor those who teach and know Torah
    Lev. 19:32; 1 Tim 5:17
  24. Not to inquire into idolatry
    Lev. 19:4; Acts 15:29; 21:25; 1 John 5:21
  25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see
    Num. 15:39; James 4:1-4; 1 Pet 1:14
  26. Not to blaspheme
    Ex. 22:28; 1 Tim. 1:20; Jam. 2:7; Rev. 13:6; Col 3:8
  27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped
    Ex. 20:5;  Acts 15:29; 21:25; 1 John 5:21
  28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God
    Ex. 20:5; Acts 15:29; 21:25; 1 John 5:21; John 4:24
  29. Not to make an idol for yourself
    Ex. 20:4; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5; 1 Cor. 10:7; Rev. 21:8; 22:15; 1 Peter 4:3; Gal 5:19-20; 1 John 5:21
  30. Not to make an idol for others
    Lev. 19:4; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5; 1 Cor. 10:7; Rev. 21:8; 22:15; 1 Peter 4:3; Gal 5:19-20; 1 John 5:21
  31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes
    Ex. 20:23; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5; 1 Cor. 10:7; Rev. 21:8; 22:15; 1 Peter 4:3; Gal 5:19-20; 1 John 5:21
  32. Not to turn a city to idolatry
    Ex. 23:13 (this is an unclear reference); 1 John 5:21
  33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worship
    Deut. 13:17; None in NT: Heb 10:30
  34. Not to rebuild it as a city
    Deut. 13:17; None in NT: Heb 10:30
  35. Not to derive benefit from it
    Deut. 13:18; None in NT: Heb 10:30
  36. Not to convert an individual to idol worship
    Deut. 13:12; Rev. 21:8; 22:15; 1 Peter 4:3; Gal 5:19-20; 1 John 5:21
  37. Not to love the idolater
    Deut. 13:9; none in NT, though false teachers are condemned: 2 Peter 2:1
  38. Not to cease hating the idolater
    Deut. 13:9; Rev 2:6; and false teachers are condemned: 2 Peter 2:1
  39. Not to save the idolater
    Deut. 13:9;  Rev 2:6; and false teachers are condemned: 2 Peter 2:1
  40. Not to say anything in the idolater's defense
    Deut. 13:9; Rev 2:6; and false teachers are condemned: 2 Peter 2:1
  41. Not to refrain from incriminating him
    Deut. 13:9 (note: Rambam really seems to get off on hating idolaters -- by which he had in mind Christians in particular; the LORD be the judge.)
  42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatry
    Deut. 13:14; 2 Peter 2:1
  43. Not to listen to a false prophet
    Deut. 13:4; 2 Peter 2:1; 2 Tim 4:3
  44. Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God
    Deut. 18:20; 2 Peter 2:1; 2 Tim 4:3
  45. Not to be afraid of killing the false prophet
    Deut. 18:22; None - the NT does not endorse killing others
  46. Not to swear in the name of an idol
    Ex. 23:13; 2 Peter 2:1
  47. Not to perform ov (medium)
    Lev. 19:31; Gal 5:20; Rev. 21:8
  48. Not to perform yidoni ("magical seer")
    Lev. 19:31; Gal 5:20; Rev. 21:8 
  49. Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech
    Lev. 18:21; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5; 1 Cor. 10:7; Rev. 21:8; 22:15; 1 Peter 4:3; Gal 5:19-20; 1 John 5:21
  50. Not to erect a pillar (i.e., Asherah pole) in a public place of worship
    Deut. 16:22; Rom. 11:4; etc.
  51. Not to bow down to a smooth stone image
    Lev. 26:1; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5; 1 Cor. 10:7; Rev. 21:8; 22:15; 1 Peter 4:3; Gal 5:19-20; 1 John 5:21
  52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard
    Deut. 16:21; None in NT (no Temple worship commandments)
  53. To destroy idols and their accessories
    Deut. 12:2;  1 John 5:21
  54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories
    Deut. 7:26; 1 John 5:21
  55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols
    Deut. 7:25; 1 John 5:21
  56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters
    Deut. 7:2; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5
  57. Not to show favor to them
    Deut. 7:2; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5
  58. Not to let them dwell in the Land of Israel
    Ex. 23:33; None - No NT commands regarding dwelling places in eretz Israel
  59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing
    Lev. 20:23; 1 Cor. 5:11; Eph. 5:5
  60. Not to be superstitious
    Lev. 19:26; Acts 16:16-19; 2 Tim 1:7
  61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc.
    Deut. 18:10; 2 Tim 1:7
  62. Not to engage in astrology
    Lev. 19:26; Gal 5:20
  63. Not to mutter incantations
    Deut. 18:11; Gal 5:20; Col 3:1-4
  64. Not to attempt to contact the dead
    Deut. 18:11; Gal 5:20; Col 3:1-4
  65. Not to consult the ov
    Deut. 18:11; Col 3:1-4
  66. Not to consult the yidoni
    Deut. 18:11; Gal 5:20; Col 3:1-4
  67. Not to perform acts of magic
    Deut. 18:10; Gal 5:20; Col 3:1-4
  68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head
    Lev. 19:27; 1 Cor 11:14
  69. Men must not shave their beards with a razor
    Lev. 19:27; no explicit NT reference
  70. Men must not wear women's clothing
    Deut. 22:5; Rom 1:27
  71. Women must not wear men's clothing
    Deut. 22:5; Rom. 1:26; etc.
  72. Not to tattoo the skin
    Lev. 19:28; 1 Corinthians 6:19-20
  73. Not to tear the skin in mourning
    Deut. 14:1; 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 
  74. Not to make a bald spot in mourning
    Deut. 14:1; 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 
  75. To repent and confess wrongdoings
    Num. 5:7; Jam. 5:16; 1 John 1:9
  76. To say the Shema twice daily
    Deut. 6:7; implied in Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30; Luke 10:27
  77. To serve the Almighty with daily prayer
    Ex. 23:25; Colossians 3:24; Jude 1:20; 1 Thess 5:17
  78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation daily
    Num. 6:23; Rev 1:16; 1 Peter 2:5,9
  79. To wear tefillin (phylacteries) on the head
    Deut. 6:8; No NT reference; interpreted as symbolic / metaphorical, not literal
  80. To bind tefillin on the arm
    Deut. 6:8; No NT reference; interpreted as symbolic / metaphorical, not literal
  81. To put a mezuzah on each door post
    Deut. 6:9; No NT reference; interpreted as symbolic / metaphorical, not literal
  82. Each male must write a Torah scroll
    Deut. 31:19; No NT reference; this interpretation by the Rabbis is suspect.
  83. The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself
    Deut. 17:18; No NT reference; interpreted as symbolic / metaphorical, not literal.
  84. To have tzitzit on four-cornered garments
    Num. 15:38; No NT reference; interpreted as symbolic / metaphorical, not literal.
  85. To bless the Almighty after eating
    Deut. 8:10; 1 Cor. 10:31
  86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth
    Lev. 12:3; No NT reference; interpreted as symbolic / metaphorical, not literal.
  87. To rest on the seventh day
    Ex. 23:12; see my section on Shabbat.
  88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day
    Ex. 20:10; see my articles on Shabbat.
  89. The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat
    Ex. 35:3; see my articles on Shabbat
  90. Not to walk outside the city boundary on Shabbat
    Ex. 16:29; see my articles on Shabbat
  91. To sanctify the day with Kiddush and Havdalah
    Ex. 20:8; see my articles on Shabbat
  92. To rest from prohibited labor
    Lev. 23:32; see my section on Shabbat
  93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur
    Lev. 23:32; see my article on Yom Kippur.
  94. To afflict yourself on Yom Kippur
    Lev. 16:29; see my article on Yom Kippur
  95. Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur
    Lev. 23:29; see my article on Yom Kippur.
  96. To rest on the first day of Passover
    Lev. 23:7; see my article on Passover
  97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover
    Lev. 23:8; see my article on Passover.
  98. To rest on the seventh day of Passover
    Lev. 23:8; see my article on Passover.
  99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover
    Lev. 23:8; see my article on Passover.
  100. To rest on Shavuot
    Lev. 23:21; see my article on Shavuot.
  101. Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot
    Lev. 23:21; see my article on Shavuot.
  102. To rest on Rosh Hashanah
    Lev. 23:24; see my article on Rosh Hashanah.
  103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashanah
    Lev. 23:25; see my article on Rosh Hashanah.
  104. To rest on Sukkot
    Lev. 23:35; see my article on Sukkot.
  105. Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot
    Lev. 23:35; see my article on Sukkot
  106. To rest on Shemini Atzeret
    Lev. 23:36; see my article on Shemini Atzeret.
  107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini Atzeret
    Lev. 23:36; see my article on Shemini Atzeret
  108. Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nissan
    Deut. 16:3; see my article on preparing for Passover
  109. To destroy all chametz on 14th day of Nissan
    Ex. 12:15 ; see my article on preparing for Passover.
  110. Not to eat chametz all seven days of Passover
    Ex. 13:3; see my article on preparing for Passover
  111. Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of Passover
    Ex. 12:20; see my article on preparing for Passover
  112. Not to see chametz in your domain seven days
    Ex. 13:7; see my article on preparing for Passover
  113. Not to find chametz in your domain seven days
    Ex. 12:19; see my article on preparing for Passover
  114. To eat matzah on the first night of Passover
    Ex. 12:18; see my article on Passover
  115. To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that night
    Ex. 13:8; see my article on Passover
  116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah)
    Num. 9:1;  see my article on Rosh Hashanah.
  117. To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot
    Lev. 23:42;  see my article on Sukkot.
  118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days
    Lev. 23:40; see my article on Sukkot.
  119. Each man must give a half shekel annually
    Ex. 30:13; no NT requirement.
  120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins
    Ex. 12:2; no NT requirement.
  121. To afflict oneself and cry out before God in times of calamity
    Num. 10:9; James 5:1
  122. To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushin
    Deut. 22:13; no NT requirement for these rituals
  123. Not to have sexual relations with women not thus married
    Deut. 23:18; Gal 5:19-20; Eph 5:3; Col 3:5; 1 Thess 4:3; Jude 1:7, etc.
  124. Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wife
    Ex. 21:10; 1 Cor 7:5
  125. To have children with one's wife
    Gen 1:28; not explicitly commanded in NT
  126. To issue a divorce by means of a Get document
    Deut. 24:1; divorce is forbidden by Yeshua
  127. A man must not remarry his ex-wife after she has married someone else
    Deut. 24:4; Matt. 19:9; Matt. 19:19 
  128. To perform yibbum (marry the widow of one's childless brother)
    Deut. 25:5; not explicitly commanded in the NT
  129. To perform halizah (free the widow of one's childless brother from yibbum)
    Deut. 25:9; not explicitly commanded in the NT
  130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (by halizah)
    Deut. 25:5; not explicitly commanded in the NT
  131. The court must fine one who sexually seduces a maiden
    Ex. 22:15-16; not explicitly commanded in the NT
  132. The rapist must marry the maiden (if she chooses)
    Deut. 22:29; not explicitly commanded in the NT 
  133. He is never allowed to divorce her
    Deut. 22:29; not explicitly commanded in the NT 
  134. The slanderer must remain married to his wife
    Deut. 22:19; not explicitly commanded in the NT 
  135. He must not divorce her
    Deut. 22:19; not explicitly commanded in the NT 
  136. To fulfill the laws of the Sotah (i.e., putting a wife on trial for suspected adultery)
    Num. 5:30; not explicitly commanded in the NT
  137. Not to put oil on her meal offering (as usual)
    Num. 5:15; not explicitly commanded in the NT
  138. Not to put frankincense on her meal offering (as usual)
    Num. 5:15; not explicitly commanded in the NT
  139. Not to have sexual relations with your mother
    Lev. 18:7; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  140. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife
    Lev. 18:8; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  141. Not to have sexual relations with your sister
    Lev. 18:9; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  142. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughter
    Lev. 18:11;  Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  143. Not to have sexual relations with your son's daughter
    Lev. 18:10; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  144. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter
    Lev. 18:6 Lev. 18:10; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  145. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter's daughter
    Lev. 18:10; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  146. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter
    Lev. 18:17; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  147. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her son's daughter
    Lev. 18:17; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  148. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter's daughter
    Lev. 18:17; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  149. Not to have sexual relations with your father's sister
    Lev. 18:12; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  150. Not to have sexual relations with your mother's sister
    Lev. 18:13; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  151. Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother's wife
    Lev. 18:14; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  152. Not to have sexual relations with your son's wife
    Lev. 18:15; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  153. Not to have sexual relations with your brother's wife
    Lev. 18:16; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  154. Not to have sexual relations with your wife's sister
    Lev. 18:18; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  155. A man must not have sexual relations with an animal
    Lev. 18:23; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  156. A woman must not have sexual relations with an inanimate object
    Lev. 18:23; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc. 
  157. Not to have homosexual sexual relations
    Lev. 18:22; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26-32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  158. Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father
    Lev. 18:7; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc.
  159. Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father's brother
    Lev. 18:14; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc. 
  160. Not to have sexual relations with someone else's wife
    Lev. 18:20; Matt 15:19; Rom 1:26- 32; Gal 5:19-20; etc. 
  161. Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure woman
    Lev. 18:19; no explicit NT reference to the laws of niddah
  162. Not to marry non-Jews
    Deut. 7:3; 2 Cor. 6:14
  163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish people
    Deut. 23:4; 2 Cor. 6:14 
  164. Not to prevent a third-generation Egyptian convert from marrying into the Jewish people
    Deut. 23:8-9; 2 Cor. 6:14 
  165. Not to refrain from marrying a third generation Edomite convert
    Deut. 23:8-9; 2 Cor. 6:14 
  166. Not to let a mamzer (a child born due to an illegal relationship) marry into the Jewish people
    Deut. 23:3; not forbidden in the NT
  167. Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people
    Deut. 23:2; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  168. Not to offer to God any castrated male animals
    Lev. 22:24; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  169. The High Priest must not marry a widow
    Lev. 21:14; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  170. The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage
    Lev. 21:15; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden
    Lev. 21:13; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  172. A Kohen (priest) must not marry a divorcee
    Lev. 21:7; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who has had a forbidden sexual relationship)
    Lev. 21:7; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  174. A priest must not marry a chalalah ("a desecrated person") (party to or product of 169-172)
    Lev. 21:7; not explicitly forbidden in the NT
  175. Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden woman
    Lev. 18:6; 1 Cor 7:1
  176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
    Lev. 11:2; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
    Deut. 14:11; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
    Lev. 11:9; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  179. To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher
    Lev. 11:21; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  180. Not to eat non-kosher animals
    Lev. 11:4; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  181. Not to eat non-kosher fowl
    Lev. 11:13; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  182. Not to eat non-kosher fish
    Lev. 11:11; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  183. Not to eat non-kosher flying insects
    Deut. 14:19; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  184. Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land
    Lev. 11:41; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  185. Not to eat non-kosher maggots
    Lev. 11:44; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  186. Not to eat worms found in fruit on the ground
    Lev. 11:42; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than (kosher) fish
    Lev. 11:43; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter
    Deut. 14:21; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  189. Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned
    Ex. 21:28; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded
    Ex. 22:30; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature
    Lev 17:15; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19; though see Acts 15:20,9 
  192. Not to eat blood
    Lev. 3:17; Acts 15:20,9 
  193. Not to eat certain fats of clean animals
    Lev. 3:17; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  194. Not to eat the sinew of the thigh
    Gen. 32:33; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19
  195. Not to eat meat and milk cooked together
    Ex. 23:19; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19; also PLEASE READ Gen 18:8 to show this is NOT a valid Torah commandment.
  196. Not to cook meat and milk together
    Ex. 34:26; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19; also PLEASE READ Gen 18:8 to show this is NOT a valid Torah commandment.
  197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer
    Lev. 23:14; no explicit NT commandment (see my article on sefirat haOmer)
  198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer
    Lev. 23:14; no explicit NT commandment (see my article on sefirat haOmer)
  199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer
    Lev. 23:14; no explicit NT commandment (see my article on sefirat haOmer)
  200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years
    Lev. 19:23; no explicit NT commandment
  201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard
    Deut. 22:9;  no explicit NT commandment
  202. Not to eat untithed fruits
    Lev. 22:15;  no explicit NT commandment 
  203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idols
    Deut. 32:38; 1 Cor. 8
  204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it
    Deut. 12:21; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19.
  205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day
    Lev. 22:28; in NT, kashrut law is no longer binding: Acts 10:9-15; Matt 5:17-18; Mark 7:19.
  206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth
    Lev. 17:13;  no explicit NT commandment
  207. Not to take the mother bird from her children
    Deut. 22:6; no explicit NT commandment, though the principle of showing compassion to living creatures is
  208. To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest
    Deut. 22:7; no explicit NT commandment
  209. Not to swear falsely in God's Name
    Lev. 19:12; denied in NT: Matt 5:34-7 
  210. Not to take God's Name in vain
    Ex. 20:7; Matt 5:34-7 
  211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you
    Lev. 19:11; 1 John 1:6
  212. Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim
    Lev. 19:11; Matt 5:34-6
  213. To swear in God's Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court
    Deut. 10:20; denied in NT: Matt 5:34-7
  214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed
    Deut. 23:24; denied in NT: Matt 5:34-7
  215. Not to break oaths or vows
    Num. 30:3; denied in NT: Matt 5:34-7
  216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah
    Num. 30:3; denied in NT: Matt 5:34-7
  217. The Nazir (Nazirite) must let his hair grow
    Num. 6:5; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  218. He must not cut his hair
    Num. 6:5; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  219. He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar
    Num. 6:3; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  220. He must not eat fresh grapes
    Num. 6:3; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  221. He must not eat raisins
    Num. 6:3; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  222. He must not eat grape seeds
    Num. 6:4; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  223. He must not eat grape skins
    Num. 6:4; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  224. He must not be under the same roof as a corpse
    Num. 6:6; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  225. He must not come into contact with the dead
    Num. 6:7; no explicit NT commandment (though see Acts 18:18)
  226. He must shave his head after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his
    Nazirite period
    Num. 6:9; Acts 18:18
  227. To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah
    Lev. 27:2; no NT command
  228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals
    Lev. 27:12-13; no NT command
  229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses
    Lev. 27:14; no NT command
  230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields
    Lev. 27:16; no NT command
  231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem)
    Lev. 27:28; Luke 9:54
  232. Not to sell the cherem
    Lev. 27:28; Luke 9:54 
  233. Not to redeem the cherem
    Lev. 27:28; Luke 9:54 
  234. Not to plant diverse seeds together
    Lev. 19:19; no NT command
  235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard
    Deut. 22:9; no NT command
  236. Not to crossbreed animals
    Lev. 19:19; no NT command
  237. Not to work different animals together
    Deut. 22:10; no NT command
  238. Not to wear shatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen
    Deut. 22:11; no NT command
  239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor
    Lev. 19:10; no NT command
  240. Not to reap the corner of every field
    Lev. 19:9; no NT command
  241. To leave gleanings
    Lev. 19:9; no NT command
  242. Not to gather the gleanings
    Lev. 19:9; no NT command
  243. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard
    Lev. 19:10; no NT command
  244. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard
    Lev. 19:10; no NT command
  245. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes
    Lev. 19:10; no NT command
  246. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes
    Lev. 19:10; no NT command
  247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field
    Deut. 24:19; no NT command
  248. Not to retrieve them
    Deut. 24:19; no NT command
  249. To separate the "tithe for the poor"
    Deut. 14:28; Rom 15:26, 2 Cor 9:9, Gal 2:10
  250. To give charity
    Deut. 15:8; Rom 15:26, 2 Cor 9:9, Gal 2:10
  251. Not to withhold charity from the poor
    Deut. 15:7; Rom 15:26, 2 Cor 9:9, Gal 2:10
  252. To set aside Terumah Gedolah (gift for the Kohen)
    Deut. 18:4; no explicit NT command (Heb 8:6; Heb 13:10)
  253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe
    Num. 18:26; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  254. Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order
    Ex. 22:28; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  255. A non-Kohen must not eat Terumah
    Lev. 22:10; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Terumah
    Lev. 22:10; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat Terumah
    Ex. 12:48; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  258. An impure Kohen must not eat Terumah
    Lev. 22:4; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  259. A chalalah must not eat Terumah
    Lev. 22:12; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  260. To set aside ma'aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite
    Num. 18:24; no explicit NT command (Heb 8:6; Heb 13:10)
  261. To set aside the second tithe (ma'aser Sheni)
    Deut. 14:22; no explicit NT command (Heb 8:6; Heb 13:10)
  262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment
    Deut. 26:14; no explicit NT command (Heb 8:6; Heb 13:10)
  263. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni while impure
    Deut. 26:14; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma'aser Sheni
    Deut. 26:14; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  265. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem
    Deut. 12:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  266. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem
    Deut. 12:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  267. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem
    Deut. 12:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma'aser Sheni
    Lev. 19:24; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year
    Deut. 26:13; no explicit NT command (Heb 8:6; Heb 13:10)
  270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple
    Ex. 23:19; 1 Cor. 15:20-23; James 1:8; Rev. 14:4; the actual first fruits offering is no longer applicable (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10)
  271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem
    Deut. 12:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  272. To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation
    Deut. 26:5; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10)
  273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen
    Num. 15:20; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10)
  274. To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a Kohen
    Deut. 18:3;  n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 13:10)
  275. To give the first shearing of sheep to a Kohen
    Deut. 18:4; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  276. To redeem firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen
    Num. 18:15; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen
    Ex. 13:13; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it
    Ex. 13:13; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth
    Ex. 34:21; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  280. Not to work the land during the seventh year
    Lev. 25:4; no NT command
  281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year
    Lev. 25:4; no NT command
  282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner
    Lev. 25:5; no NT command
  283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way
    Lev. 25:5; no NT command
  284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year
    Ex. 23:11; no NT command
  285. To release all loans during the seventh year
    Deut. 15:2; no NT command
  286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower
    Deut. 15:2; Matt 5:42
  287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss
    Deut. 15:9; Matt 5:42
  288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years
    Lev. 25:8; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year
    Lev. 25:10; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slaves
    Lev. 25:9; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Gal 3:28)
  291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Jubilee)
    Lev. 25:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year
    Lev. 25:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year
    Lev. 25:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties
    Lev. 25:24; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely
    Lev. 25:23; n/a
  296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities
    Lev. 25:29; n/a
  297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in Deut. 18:1
  298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war
    Deut. 18:1;  n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields
    Num. 35:2; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites' before and after the Jubilee year
    Lev. 25:34; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  301. To build a Temple.
    Ex. 25:8; 1 Cor. 3:16f; 6:19; 8:10; 9:13; 2 Cor. 6:16; Eph. 2:21; 2 Thess. 2:4; Rev. 3:12; 7:15; 11:1f, 19; 14:15, 17; 15:5f, 8; 16:1, 17; 21:22
  302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal
    Ex. 20:23; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  303. Not to climb steps to the altar
    Ex. 20:26; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  304. To show reverence to the Temple
    Lev. 19:30; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  305. To guard the Temple area
    Num. 18:2; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded
    Num. 18:5; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  307. To prepare the anointing oil
    Ex. 30:31; James 5:14
  308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil
    Ex. 30:32; James 5:14
  309. Not to anoint with anointing oil
    Ex. 30:32; James 5:14
  310. Not to reproduce the incense formula
    Ex. 30:37; no NT command
  311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense
    Ex. 30:9;  n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  312. The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders
    Num. 7:9; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  313. Not to remove the staves from the ark
    Ex. 25:15; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  314. The Levites must work in the Temple
    Num. 18:23; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  315. No Levite must do another's work of either a Kohen or a Levite
    Num. 18:3; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  316. To dedicate the Kohen for service
    Lev. 21:8; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  317. The work of the Kohanim's shifts must be equal during holidays
    Deut. 18:6-8; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service
    Ex. 28:2; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13f)
  319. Not to tear the priestly garments
    Ex. 28:32; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13f)
  320. The Kohen Gadol 's breastplate must not be loosened from the Efod
    Ex. 28:28; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13f)
  321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated
    Lev. 10:9; Eph 5:18
  322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with long hair
    Lev. 10:6; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13f)
  323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes
    Lev. 10:6; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13f)
  324. A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately
    Lev. 16:2; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13f)
  325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service
    Lev. 10:7; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13f)
  326. To send the impure from the Temple
    Num. 5:2; Matt 21:12; Rev 22:15
  327. Impure people must not enter the Temple
    Num. 5:3; Matt 21:12; Rev 22:15
  328. Impure people must not enter the Temple Mount area
    Deut. 23:11; Matt 21:12; Rev 22:15
  329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple
    Lev. 22:2; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service
    Lev. 22:7; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service
    Ex. 30:19; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar
    Lev. 21:23; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve
    Lev. 21:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve
    Lev. 21:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve
    Num. 18:4; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  336. To offer only unblemished animals
    Lev. 22:21; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar
    Lev. 22:20; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  338. Not to slaughter it
    Lev. 22:22; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  339. Not to sprinkle its blood
    Lev. 22:24; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  340. Not to burn its fat
    Lev. 22:22; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal
    Deut. 17:1; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews
    Lev. 22:25; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals
    Lev. 22:21; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified
    Deut. 12:15; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old
    Lev. 22:27; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog
    Deut. 23:19; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  347. Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar
    Lev. 2:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  348. To salt all sacrifices
    Lev. 2:13; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; but see Matt. 5:13; Mark 9:49f; Luke 14:34; Col. 4:6; Jam. 3:12)
  349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices
    Lev. 2:13; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; but see Matt. 5:13; Mark 9:49f; Luke 14:34; Col. 4:6; Jam. 3:12)
  350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah
    Lev. 1:3; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  351. Not to eat its meat
    Deut. 12:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering
    Lev. 6:18; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering
    Lev. 6:23; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering
    Lev. 5:8; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering
    Lev. 7:1; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple
    Ex. 29:33; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard
    Deut. 12:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  358. A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat
    Ex. 29:33; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering
    Lev. 7:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood
    Deut. 12:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah
    Lev. 2:1; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers
    Lev. 5:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers
    Lev. 3:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  364. Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest
    Lev. 6:16; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread
    Lev. 6:10; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings
    Lev. 6:9; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival
    Deut. 12:5-6; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  368. Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow
    Deut. 23:22; Matt 5:34-36
  369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple
    Deut. 12:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple
    Deut. 12:26; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard
    Lev. 17:4; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard
    Deut. 12:13; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  373. To offer two lambs every day
    Num. 28:3; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  374. To light a fire on the altar every day
    Lev. 6:6; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  375. Not to extinguish this fire
    Lev. 6:6; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day
    Lev. 6:3; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  377. To burn incense every day
    Ex. 30:7; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  378. To light the Menorah every day
    Ex. 27:21; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Matt 5:16)
  379. The Kohen Gadol ("High Priest") must bring a meal offering every day
    Lev. 6:13; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Shabbat
    Num 28:9; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  381. To make the show bread
    Ex. 25:30; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  382. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Chodesh ("The New Month")
    Num. 28:11; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9; Gal 4:10-11) 
  383. To bring additional offerings on Passover
    Num. 28:19; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat
    Lev. 23:10; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  385. Each man must count the Omer - seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought
    Lev. 23:15; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  386. To bring additional offerings on Shavuot
    Num. 28:26; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  387. To bring two leaves to accompany the above sacrifice
    Lev. 23:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  388. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Hashana
    Num. 29:2; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  389. To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippur
    Num. 29:8; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  390. To bring additional offerings on Sukkot
    Num. 29:13; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  391. To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret
    Num. 29:35; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished
    Deut. 14.3; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions
    Lev. 7:18; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them
    Lev. 22:30; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  395. Not to eat from that which was left over
    Lev. 19:8; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure
    Lev. 7:19; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices
    Lev. 7:20; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  398. To burn the leftover sacrifices
    Lev. 7:17; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  399. To burn all impure sacrifices
    Lev. 7:19; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  400. To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshah Acharei Mot ("After the death of Aaron's sons...")
    Lev. 16:3; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  401. One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice
    Lev. 5:16; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  402. Not to work consecrated animals
    Deut. 15:19; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals
    Deut. 15:19; n/a (Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  404. To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time
    Ex. 12:6; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven
    Ex. 23:18; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  406. Not to leave the fat overnight
    Ex. 23:18; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  407. To slaughter the second Paschal Lamb (if the first Passover is missed)
    Num. 9:11; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  408. To eat the Passover with matzah and marror on the night of the fourteenth of Nisan
    Ex. 12:8; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  409. To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar
    Num. 9:11; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  410. Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled
    Ex. 12:9; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  411. Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group
    Ex. 12:46; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  412. A foreigner must not eat from it
    Ex. 12:43; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  413. A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it
    Ex. 12:45; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from it
    Ex. 12:48; n/a (Rom 2:29; 1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  415. Not to break any bones from the paschal offering
    Ex. 12:46; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  416. Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering
    Num. 9:12; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  417. Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning
    Ex. 12:10; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  418. Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning
    Num. 9:12; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th
    Deut. 16:4; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  420. To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot
    Deut. 16:16; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  421. To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering)
    Ex. 23:14; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10:10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering)
    Deut. 16:14; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings
    Deut. 16:16; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites
    Deut. 12:19; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year
    Deut. 31:12; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  426. To set aside the firstborn animals
    Ex. 13:12; no NT command
  427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem
    Deut. 12:17; no NT command
  428. Not to redeem the firstborn
    Num. 18:17; no NT command
  429. Separate the tithe from animals
    Lev. 27:32; no NT command
  430. Not to redeem the tithe
    Lev. 27:33; no NT command
  431. Every person must bring a sin offering (in the temple) for his transgression
    Lev. 4:27; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  432. Bring an asham talui (temple offering) when uncertain of guilt
    Lev. 5:17-18; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  433. Bring an asham vadai (temple offering) when guilt is ascertained
    Lev. 5:25; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  434. Bring an oleh v'yored (temple offering) offering (if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering)
    Lev. 5:7-11; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering (in the Temple) when it rules in error
    Lev. 4:13; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  436. A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh
    Lev. 15:28-29; no NT command; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh
    Lev. 12:6; Luke 2:20-24; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  438. A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the Mikveh
    Lev. 15:13-14; no NT command
  439. A metzora must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the Mikveh
    Lev. 14:10; no NT command 
  440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice
    Lev. 27:10; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration
    Lev. 27:10; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another
    Lev. 27:26; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead
    Num. 19:14; no NT command
  444. Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Para Aduma)
    Num. 19:2; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water
    Num. 19:21; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  446. Rule the laws of human tzara'at as prescribed in the Torah
    Lev. 13:12; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  447. The metzora must not remove his signs of impurity
    Deut. 24:8; no NT command
  448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair
    Lev. 13:33; no NT command
  449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips
    Lev. 13:45; no NT command
  450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora
    Lev. 14:2; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification
    Lev. 14:9; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  452. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of clothing
    Lev. 13:47; no NT command
  453. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of houses
    Lev. 13:34; no NT command
  454. Observe the laws of menstrual impurity
    Lev. 15:19; no NT command
  455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth
    Lev. 12:2; no NT command
  456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman's running issue
    Lev. 15:25; no NT command
  457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man's running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen)
    Lev. 15:3; no NT command
  458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast
    Lev. 11:39; no NT command
  459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (insects)
    Lev. 11:29; no NT command
  460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal semen)
    Lev. 15:16; no NT command
  461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods
    Lev. 11:34; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9) 
  462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikveh to become pure
    Lev. 15:16; n/a (John 15:3; 1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9)
  463. The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox
    Ex. 21:28; no NT command
  464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating
    Ex. 22:4; no NT command
  465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit
    Ex. 21:33; no NT command
  466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire
    Ex. 22:5; no NT command
  467. Not to steal money stealthily
    Lev. 19:11; Eph 4:28
  468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief
    Ex. 21:37; Rom 13:4
  469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate
    Lev. 19:36; Rom 13:4
  470. Not to commit injustice with scales and weights
    Lev. 19:35; Eph 4:28
  471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use
    Deut. 25:13; 1 Thess 5:22
  472. Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone's property
    Deut. 19:14; Eph 4:28
  473. Not to kidnap
    Ex. 20:13; 1 Tim 1:10
  474. Not to rob openly
    Lev. 19:13; 1 Tim 1:10; John 10:10; Rom 13:9
  475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt
    Lev. 19:13; Rom 13:9
  476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire another's possession
    Ex. 20:14; Rom 13:9
  477. Not to desire another's possession
    Deut. 5:18;  Rom 13:9
  478. Return the robbed object or its value
    Lev. 5:23; Rom 13:9
  479. Not to ignore a lost object
    Deut. 22:3; Rom 13:9
  480. Return the lost object
    Deut. 22:1; Rom 13:9
  481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another's property
    Ex. 21:18; Matt 5:42
  482. Not to murder
    Ex. 20:13; Rom 13:9; 1 John 3:15
  483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer
    Num. 35:31; Rom 13:9; 1 John 3:15 
  484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge
    Num. 35:25; no NT command
  485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge
    Num. 35:32; no NT command
  486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial
    Num. 35:12; no NT command
  487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer
    Deut. 25:12; no NT command
  488. Not to pity the pursuer
    Num. 35:12; no NT command
  489. Not to stand idly by if someone's life is in danger
    Lev. 19:16; John 13:34f; 15:12, 17; Rom. 12:10; 13:8; Gal. 5:13; Eph. 4:2; 1 Thess. 3:12; 4:9; Heb. 10:24; 1 Pet. 1:22; 3:8; 1 John 3:11, 23; 4:7, 11f; 2 John 1:5
  490. Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access
    Deut. 19:3; no NT command
  491. Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder
    Deut. 21:4; no NT command
  492. Not to work nor plant that river valley
    Deut. 21:4; no NT command
  493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property
    Deut. 22:8; no NT command
  494. Make a guard rail around flat roofs
    Deut. 22:8; no NT command
  495. Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice)
    Lev. 19:14; no NT command (though the principles are there of course)
  496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it
    Ex. 23:5; no NT command (though the principles are there of course) 
  497. Help others load their beast
    Deut. 22:4; no NT command (though the principles are there of course) 
  498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload)
    Deut. 22:4; no NT command (though the principles are there of course) 
  499. Buy and sell according to Torah law
    Lev. 25:14; no NT command; 1 Thess. 2:10
  500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article
    Lev. 25:14; 1 Thess. 2:10
  501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words
    Lev. 25:17; Matt. 5:37; Eph. 4:29; Col. 3:8
  502. Not to cheat a sincere convert monetarily
    Ex. 22:20; 1 Thess. 2:10
  503. Not to insult or harm a sincere convert with words
    Ex. 22:20; Matt. 5:37; Eph. 4:29; Col. 3:8
  504. Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws
    Ex. 21:2; NT does not support slavery: John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  505. Not to sell him as a slave is sold
    Lev. 25:42; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  506. Not to work him oppressively
    Lev. 25:43; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  507. Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively
    Lev. 25:53; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  508. Not to have him do menial slave labor
    Lev. 25:39; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  509. Give him gifts when he goes free
    Deut. 15:14; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon 
  510. Not to send him away empty-handed
    Deut. 15:13; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon 
  511. Redeem Jewish maidservants
    Ex. 21:8; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  512. Betroth the Jewish maidservant
    Ex. 21:8; no NT command
  513. The master must not sell his maidservant
    Ex. 21:8; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  514. Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs
    Lev. 25:46; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  515. Not to extradite a slave who fled to (Biblical) Israel
    Deut. 23:16; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon 
  516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge
    Deut. 23:16; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon 
  517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard
    Ex. 22:9; John 8:36; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:28; Col 3:11; Philemon
  518. Pay wages on the day they were earned
    Deut. 24:15; Matt 5
  519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time
    Lev. 19:13; Matt 5
  520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works
    Deut. 23:25; 1 Cor. 9:9; 1 Tim. 5:18
  521. The worker must not eat while on hired time
    Deut. 23:26; no NT command
  522. The worker must not take more than he can eat
    Deut. 23:25; no NT command
  523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing
    Deut. 25:4; 1 Cor. 9:9; 1 Tim. 5:18
  524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower
    Ex. 22:13; no NT command
  525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard
    Ex. 22:6; no NT command
  526. Lend to the poor and destitute
    Ex. 22:24; Matt 5:42; Gal 2:20
  527. Not to press them for payment if you know they don't have it
    Ex. 22:24; Matt. 6:12; Luke 11:4; 1 John 1:9; Gal 2:20
  528. Press the idolater for payment
    Deut. 15:3; no NT command
  529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral
    Deut. 24:10; Matt. 6:12; Luke 11:4; 1 John 1:9
  530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed
    Deut. 24:13; Matt. 6:12; Luke 11:4; 1 John 1:9
  531. Not to delay its return when needed
    Deut. 24:12; Matt 5:42
  532. Not to demand collateral from a widow
    Deut. 24:17; Gal 2:20; Matt 5
  533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food
    Deut. 24:6; no NT command
  534. Not to lend with interest
    Lev. 25:37; Matt 5
  535. Not to borrow with interest
    Deut. 23:20; Matt 5
  536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, or write the promissory note
    Ex. 22:24; no NT command
  537. Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest
    Deut. 23:21; no NT command
  538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier
    Ex. 22:8; no NT command
  539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance
    Num. 27:8; no NT command: Col. 3:24
  540. Appoint judges
    Deut. 16:18; 1 Cor. 6:1-6
  541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure
    Deut. 1:17;  1 Cor. 6:1-6
  542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement
    Ex. 23:2; no NT command
  543. The court can execute only by a majority of two
    Ex. 23:2; no NT command to execute others
  544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases
    Deut. 23:2; no NT command to execute others 
  545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning
    Deut. 22:24; no NT command to execute others
  546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning
    Lev. 20:14; no NT command to execute others 
  547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword
    Ex. 21:20; no NT command to execute others
  548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation
    Lev. 20:10; no NT command to execute others 
  549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry
    Deut. 21:22; no NT command to execute others
  550. Bury the executed on the day they are killed
    Deut. 21:23; no NT command to execute others
  551. Not to delay burial overnight
    Deut. 21:23; no NT command to execute others
  552. The court must not let the sorcerer live
    Ex. 22:17; no NT command to execute others
  553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer
    Ex. 25:2; no NT command to perform corporal punishment
  554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes
    Deut. 25:3; no NT command to perform corporal punishment
  555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence
    Ex. 23:7; no NT command to execute others 
  556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime
    Deut. 22:26; no NT command to enforce civil laws
  557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial
    Deut. 19:13; no NT command to enforce civil laws
  558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial
    Lev. 19:15; no NT command to enforce civil laws 
  559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial
    Lev. 19:15; no NT command to enforce civil laws 
  560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor
    Ex. 23:6; no NT command to enforce civil laws 
  561. A judge must not pervert justice
    Lev. 19:15; no NT command to enforce civil laws 
  562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan
    Deut. 24:17; no NT command to enforce civil laws
  563. Judge righteously
    Lev. 19:15; John 7:24
  564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment
    Deut. 1:17; no NT command to enforce civil laws 
  565. Judges must not accept bribes
    Ex. 23:8;  no NT command to enforce civil laws
  566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present
    Ex. 23:1; no NT command to enforce civil laws 
  567. Not to curse judges
    Ex. 22:27; Rom 13:1-5
  568. Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin
    Ex. 22:27; Rom 13:1-5
  569. Not to curse any upstanding Jew
    Lev. 19:14; Rom 13:1-5; Phil 2:3
  570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court
    Lev. 5:1; Eph 4:15
  571. Carefully interrogate the witness
    Deut. 13:15; 1 John 4:1
  572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes
    Deut. 19:17; no NT command
  573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness
    Deut. 19:15; 1 Tim 5:19
  574. Transgressors must not testify
    Ex. 23:1; no NT commands to enforce civil laws
  575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify
    Deut. 24:16; no NT commands to enforce civil laws
  576. Not to testify falsely
    Ex. 20:13; Col 3:9
  577. Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant
    Deut. 19:19; Col 3:9
  578. Act according to the ruling of the Sanhedrin
    Deut. 17:11; NT believers not subject to Sanhedrin
  579. Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin
    Deut. 17:11; NT believers not subject to Sanhedrin
  580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations
    Deut. 13:1; Rev 22:18-19
  581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part
    Deut. 13:1; James 2:10
  582. Not to curse your father and mother
    Ex. 21:17; Eph 6:2
  583. Not to strike your father and mother
    Ex. 21:15; Eph 6:2
  584. Respect your father or mother
    Ex. 20:12; Eph 6:2
  585. Fear your father or mother
    Lev. 19:3; Eph 6:2
  586. Not to be a rebellious son
    Deut. 21:18; Col 3:8-9
  587. Mourn for relatives
    Lev. 10:19; Mat 9:15; Rom 12:5
  588. The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative
    Lev. 21:11; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9
  589. The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse
    Lev. 21:11;  n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9
  590. A Kohen must not defile himself (by going to funerals or cemeteries) for anyone except relatives
    Lev. 21:1; n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9
  591. Appoint a king from Israel
    Deut. 17:15; Matt. 2:2; 27:11, 29, 37; Mark 15:2, 9, 12, 18, 26; Luke 23:3, 37f; John 18:33, 39; 19:3, 19, 21
  592. Not to appoint a foreigner
    Deut. 17:15; Matt. 2:2; 27:11, 29, 37; Mark 15:2, 9, 12, 18, 26; Luke 23:3, 37f; John 18:33, 39; 19:3, 19, 21
  593. The king must not have too many wives
    Deut. 17:17; Matt. 2:2; 27:11, 29, 37; Mark 15:2, 9, 12, 18, 26; Luke 23:3, 37f; John 18:33, 39; 19:3, 19, 21
  594. The king must not have too many horses
    Deut. 17:16; Matt. 2:2; 27:11, 29, 37; Mark 15:2, 9, 12, 18, 26; Luke 23:3, 37f; John 18:33, 39; 19:3, 19, 21
  595. The king must not have too much silver and gold
    Deut. 17:17; Matt. 2:2; 27:11, 29, 37; Mark 15:2, 9, 12, 18, 26; Luke 23:3, 37f; John 18:33, 39; 19:3, 19, 21
  596. Destroy the seven Canaanite nations
    Deut. 20:17; no NT command: Matt 28:19-20
  597. Not to let any of them remain alive
    Deut. 20:16; no NT command; Matt 28:19-20
  598. Wipe out the descendants of Amalek
    Deut. 25:19; no NT command; Matt 28:19-20
  599. Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people
    Deut. 25:17; no NT command; Matt 28:19-20
  600. Not to forget Amalek's atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert
    Deut. 25:19; no NT command; Matt 28:19-20
  601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt
    Deut. 17:16; no NT command
  602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms
    Deut. 20:10; no NT command
  603. Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them
    Deut. 23:7; no NT command; Matt 28:19-20
  604. Not to destroy fruit trees even during the siege
    Deut. 20:19; no NT command
  605. Prepare latrines outside the camps
    Deut. 23:13; no NT command
  606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with
    Deut. 23:14; no NT command
  607. Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war
    Deut. 20:2;  n/a (1 Cor. 5:7; 6:19; Heb 8:6; Heb 10; Heb 13:10; 1 Pet 2:5,9
  608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions
    Deut. 24:5; no NT command
  609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military
    Deut. 24:5; no NT command
  610. Not to panic and retreat during battle
    Deut. 20:3; Eph 6:10-17
  611. Keep the laws of the captive woman
    Deut. 21:11 (In a foreign war, an Israelite could take any woman as a slave-wife, even if it were against her will. He would put her through what could be regarded as a period of ritual abuse. If he later dislikes her, he can grant her freedom, but cannot sell her to another slave owner.); no NT command to capture women, shave their heads, etc.
  612. Not to sell her into slavery
    Deut. 21:14; no NT command to capture women
  613. Not to retain her for servitude after having sexual relations with her
    Deut. 21:14; (a man who rapes or engages in consensual sex with a female slave who is engaged to be married to another man must sacrifice an animal in the temple in order to be forgiven. The female slave would be whipped. There is apparently no punishment or ritual animal killing required if the female slave were not engaged; men could rape such slaves with impunity.) There is NO NT command for any of this.

 

A Closing Thought

As you know, there are some people within the Messianic movement (as well as legalistic churches) who claim that followers of Jesus should become "Torah Observant." Since Jesus was a Torah-observant Jew, they argue, and we are called to be His followers, then we ourselves should become Torah observant, too.  As well-meaning as this sounds, however, this is specious reasoning, based on a variety of exegetical errors, not the least of which is the confusion between the idea of Torah and Covenant.  Nonetheless, I wonder if these legalists have ever taken the time to actually read the list of the Torah's demands -- all 613 of them? As a reminder, let me list a few of the more difficult commandments in the Torah of Moses here:

  • Slavery is permissible, and fathers may sell their daughters (Ex 21:7; Lev. 25:44).
  • You may not contact a woman while she is in her monthly cycle (Lev. 15:19-24).
  • Homosexuals are to be put to death (Lev. 20:13)
  • You must put someone to death for working on the Sabbath (Exodus 35:2).
  • You cannot leave your homes to work on the Sabbath (Exodus 16:29).
  • You should keep a completely kosher diet (Lev. 11:10).
  • You should not allow anyone with physical blemishes to come before the altar of the LORD (Lev. 21:16-20).
  • You should never plant two types of crops in the same field (Lev. 19:19).
  • You should never wear garments that have two types of fabric (e.g., no cotton/polyester blends) (Deut 22:11).
  • You should publicly execute anyone who curses or blasphemes (Lev. 24:10-20).
  • You must burn to death those who sleep with their in-laws (Lev. 20:14).
  • You should put to death a rebellious child (Deut 21:18-22).
  • You must pay for (and marry) a virgin you seduced (Exodus 22:16).
  • You must destroy all places of idolatry in the Land (Deut 7:2, 12:2).
  • You are commanded to burn apostate cities and kill all the inhabitants (Deut 13:15-17) the cherem - including babies and women.
  • You also must kill all magicians, witches or wizards among the people (Deut 18:10)
  • You must hang a blasphemer and an idolater (Deut 21:22).
  • In courts of law, you may not take evidence from a woman (Deut 24:17).
  • You must marry your brother's wife when your brother dies childless (Deut 25:5).
  • If you take a female prisoner of war and seduce her, she will become a slave with certain rights, and if you later dislike her, you can grant her freedom, but you cannot sell her to another slave owner (Deut. 21:11-15).

The point here is simple: the law code given to ancient Israel was not, and was never intended to be, an unchanging set of laws that would determine someone's relationship with God.  Those who want to return to the ethic of ancient Israel perhaps need to be reminded of Jesus' words in Matthew 23:15, wherein He warned otherwise well-meaning people of the dangers of affecting self-righteousness, and they also might want to reread Galatians 4:21-5:1 where Paul likens those who advocate adherence to the law as slaves (i.e., children of Hagar), but those who hold to the promise of the gift of life through faith as free (i.e., children of Sarah). 

The true remnant of Israel has always been composed of those whom God chose as His own, based on His sovereign purposes and love. Indeed, Yeshua gave us a BETTER WAY to come to God (Heb. 8:16, 12:24). The very word Torah means "teaching" and has always been a description of our responsibility to the LORD in light of the covenantal actions He performed on our behalf (for more information, see this article). Since God gave up His Son in order for us to be free from the penalty of sin and death, why should we seek to go back to a system based on righteous deeds that are grounded in life apart from the ultimate Tzaddik Himself? "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, "Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them" (Gal. 3:10). If we are justified by faith, chaverim, we are also sanctified by grace...

Regarding the underlying moral intent of the Torah, we know that it is indeed "holy, just and good" (Rom 7:12). However, even if we were to limit ourselves to just the moral aspects of the Ten Commandments we will quickly realize that we need serious intervention in order to attain genuine holiness. On the day of our death, will we trust in our own adherence to the moral law as our appeal before a perfectly holy and absolutely righteous God?

Listen to how the apostle Paul, the greatest Torah sage of his day, put it:

    Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed. So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith. But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith (Gal. 3:21-26).

The law of the LORD is indeed perfect (Psalm 19:7), yet we are fallible and in need of salvation from the righteous judgment of an utterly holy God based on our (chronically) sinful condition.

Rule-following behavior is not the same thing as attaining the righteousness of God imputed to those who, like father Abraham, believed that God Himself could and would justify the ungodly based on faith. "For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith" (Rom. 4:13).

A lot more could be said on this subject, obviously, and I am passionate about the glory of God's grace as revealed in the gift of His Son for us. I am zealous to retain grace as grace, and not to sneak in extraneous conditions for our acceptance in the Beloved (Eph 1:6).

Most of us, I am afraid, don't want to be free.  It's so much easier for us to regard ourselves as pleasing to God on the basis of some litany of rules that we are following. Or perhaps we are trusting in our participation in various sorts of ritual acts...  But freedom?  Nakedness before God?  To come to Him utterly bankrupt, broken and in need, while trusting that His love covers our sinful condition by clothing us with the very righteousness of His Son?  To no longer need a list of "do's-and-don'ts" or some liturgy to come before His glorious presence?  To trust that you have direct access to the very Holy of Holies and can relate to God as His own beloved child? No -- it's too much for most people, and therefore the mad rush to find some sort of "catch" in the contract, some sort of loophole, some fine print that obliges us to propitiate an angry and spiteful god... 

Thank the LORD God of Israel for the grace and love of His Son Jesus!

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