This begins very early in the morning. Similar to the evening service, the Shacharit adds Torah reading on Shabbat, holidays, Monday, and Thursday. An addtional service, called a Musaf, is also sometimes added. Bold sections are considered core to the service.
Preliminaries - The following morning blessings are sometimes recited at home rather than at the synagogue:
- Modeh Ani - The blessing recited upon arising.
- Yirat Adonai - Awakening to the LORD.
- Upon bathing - Blessing recited upon bathing in the morning.
- Donning Tzitzi - The blessing recited upon putting on tzitzit.
- Donning the Tallit - The blessing recited upon putting on the prayer shawl.
- Donning Tefillin - The blessing recited upon putting on phylacteries.
- Yetzer Hara - Prayer to overcome the evil inclination.
Birkat HaShachar - These additional morning blessings are often recited at the synagogue:
- Mah Tovu - Verses recited upon entering the synagogue.
- Adon Olam - Master of the Universe
- Yigdal - may He be Exalted
- Birkat HaTorah - Blessings for the Torah
- Birchot HaShachar - Morning Blessings
- The Akedah - Binding of Issac
- L’Olam Yehei Adam - Always should a man revere God
Warm Up for Prayer - The Pesukei d'Zemira (verses of song) section of services include a lot of Psalms and hymns and function somewhat like a “warm-up” for prayers:
- Kaddish - “Sanctification,” a prayer of praise recited by mourners.
- Barukh She’amar - Blessed is He who spoke
- Hodu - Give thanks
- Ashrei - Praiseworthy
- Yishtabach - Closing benediction
The Shema and its Blessings - The Shema functions as a creedal formula for Jews:
- The Barekhu - Call to Prayer
- Birkat Yotzer - Blessing The Creator
- Ahavah Rabbah - Blessing Of Great Love
- The Keriat Shema
- Birkat Geulah - Blessing Of Redemption
The Amidah - The Shemoneh Esrei (or Amidah) is first recited silently, and then is recited again by the cantor:
- Shemoneh Esrei - The Amidah (“standing”) prayer is recited. On Shabbat and Holidays (Yom Tov), shorter versions are recited.
- Tachanun - “Supplication” recited immediately after the Amidah.
- Hallel - “Praise” selections from Tehillim (said on Rosh Chodesh and holidays).
The Torah Service - Torah reading (Keriat HaTorah) and aliyot (Mondays, Thursdays, and Shabbat) is normally next in the Shacharit seder:
- Birkat HaTorah - The Blessing of the Torah
- Opening the Holy Ark
- Torah Processional
- Torah Blessings and Readings
- Raising Of The Torah Scroll
- Haftarah Blessings
- Brit Chadashah Blessings
- Return of Torah to Ark
Conclusion - The Shacharit service usually ends with additional prayer and praise:
- Ashrei - Prayer taken from Tehillim 145.
- Uva L'Tzion is also recited (except on Shabbat and Yom Tov)
- Aleinu - Closing prayer of praise. “It is our duty to praise...”
- Ein Keloheinu
- Half Kaddish - “Sanctification”
- Prayer upon leaving the synagogue