Shaddai

Learn Hebrew

Hebrew for Christians
BS''D
Basic Jewish Terminology

Transliterated English Glossary

The following is a list of common Hebrew and Yiddish terms transliterated into English. Note that this page is obviously incomplete, and (IY”H) I will add additional content as time permits.

Entries are listed alphabetically according to transliteration. I use simplified phonetic representations throughout: Hyphens separate the syllables, accented syllables are indicated with CAPS, and I simplified both the consonantal and vowel sounds (e.g., both Khaf and Chet are transliterated using “kh” and I make no distinction between similarly sounding letters (e.g., Vet and Vav, Tet and Tav, etc.) or vowels).

A

Acharonim
(ah-kha-roh-NEEM)
"The last ones," Post-Rishonim commentators.

Adonai
(ah-doh-NIGH)
A name traditionally used in place of the four-letter Name of God, יהוה, to avoid pronouncing it unnecessarily. [H]

Adon Olam
(ah-DOHN oh-LAHM)
"Master of the World," a concluding hymn.

AdoShem
(ah-doh-SHEM)
A circumlocution traditionally used in place of the name Adonai and HaShem. [H]

Afikomen
(ah-fee-KOH-men)
Half of the central matzah broken off and put away at the beginning of the meal. A Greek word meaning that which comes after or "dessert".

Aggadah
(ahg-ga-DAH)
Non-legal rabbinic writings of the Talmud. [A]

Agunah
(ah-goo-NAH)
"Chained one"; a woman whose husband refuses to grant a divorce.

Akeidah
(ah-kay-DAH)
The Hebrew word literally means "binding" and 'The Akeidah' is a special name referring to the 'binding' or sacrifice of Isaac by Abraham, as described in the book of Genesis. [H]

Aliyah
(ah-lee-YAH)
Immigration to Israel. The Hebrew word translated into English means "ascent" - a "going up" that started with the Israelites "ascending" from Egypt to Israel; from slavery to freedom. [H]

Am HaSefer
(ahm has-SE-fer)
People of the book; the Jews.

Amidah
(ah-mee-DAH)
“Standing” (prayer); The central prayer of the three prescribed daily services; also called the Shmoneh Esreh.

Amora'im
(a-moh-RAH-eem)
lit.=explainers: Gemarah-era commentators (200-500 C.E.)

Am Segulah
(ahm se-gool-LAH)
A treasured and befitting nation by virtue of  deeds and actions; a special title given to Israel as a nation.

Ani Ma’amin
(ah-nee ma-ah-MEEM)
"I believe," a phrase that begins each of Maimonides’ Thirteen Principles of Faith.

Apikorsim
(ah-pee-kohr-SEEM)
Apikorsim are what Chasidim refer to as Jewish goyim, or secular Jews. They seem to be the worst opposition for Hasidic Jewry.

Aron (hakodesh)
(ah-ROHN)
The holy cabinet for Sefer Torah in synagogue.

Aseret HaDibrot
(ah-SE-ret ha-dee-BROHT)
The Ten Commandments

Aseret Yimei Teshuva
(ah-SER-et ye-MAY te-shoo-VAH)
Ten days of repentance. Penitential season. Time from the 1st of Tishri (Rosh Hashanah) and ending with the close of Yom Kippur. These days are also known as Yamim Nora’im, the Days of Awe.

Assur
(ahs-SUR)
Something prohibited. [H]

Averah
(ah-vay-RAH)
Sin, transgression of G-d's will. [H]

Avinu Malkeinu
(ah-VEE-noo mal-KAY-noo)
Avinu Malkenu. Our Father Our King, a prayer recited during the High Holidays and thought to have been written by Rabbi Akiva.

Avinu Shebashamayim
(ah-VEE-noo she-bah-sha-MAI-yeem)
“Our Father, Who art in Heaven,” the first words of the Lord’s Prayer (Matt 6:9; Luke 11:2).

Avodah
(ah-voh-DAH)
Work; Labor; also, worship (specifically the sacrificial Temple service as performed by the kohen gadol).

Avodah Zarah
(ah-voh-DAH za-RAH)
Idol worship or, in general, worship of anything other than God. In the Mishnah, the 8th tractate in the order of Nezikin, dealing with regulations related to idols and idolatry.

Avraham Avinu
(AHV-ra-ham ah-VEE-noo)
“Our father Abraham.” Father of the Jewish people and of a multitude of nations (Luke 1:73; Gal. 3:7).

Azazel
(ah-za-ZAYL)
Scapegoat. Goat sent into the wilderness signifying removal of the nation's sins. The unidentified place or demon to which the scapegoat was sent on the Day of Atonement (Lev. 16:8, 10, 26).



B

Ba'al Tefillah
(ba-al te-fee-LAH)
Prayer leader [H]

Ba'al Teshuvah
(ba-al te-shoo-VAH)
A penitent; a Jew who returns to a traditional observant Jewish lifestyle (also known by the acronym B'T) [H]

Bechor
(be-KHOHR)
Firstborn status; firstborn [H]

Bedikat Chametz
(be-dee-kaht KHA-metz)
A final check for leaven, often done the evening before the day Pesach begins.

Bamidbar
(ba-meed-BAR)
Numbers (4th book of the Torah) [H]

Bereshit
(be-ray-SHEET)
Genesis (1st book of the Torah) [H]

Bet Din
(bayt DEEN)
Court of Jewish law [H]

Bet Midrash
(bayt meed-RAHSH)
"House of study", a school that was usually part of a synagogue. [H]

Bikkur Cholim
(beek-koor kho-LEEM)
Visiting the ill or hospitalized [H]

Birkat HaMazon
(beer-kat ha-mah-ZOHN)
Grace After Meals, usually printed in the form of a card or small booklet.

Bitachon
(beet-ah-KHON)
Trust (in HaShem). [H]

Bracha (pl. brachot)
(be-rah-KHAH, be-rah-KHOT)
Blessing [H]

Brit Chadashah
(breet kha-dah-SHAH)
New Covenant or New Testament. [H]

B'rit Milah
(breet meel-LAH)
Covenant of circumcision [H]; Bris [Y]

B'sha'ah tovah!
(be’shah-ah toh-VAH)
Congratulations to an expectent mother (literally, "in a good hour," means "at an auspicious time," i.e. may whatever time your child is born be a good time.") Also the correct response to announcement of a marriage engagement. In both cases, it is in anticipation of a "mazel tov" for something hoped for, that has not yet occurred. [H]

B'tzelem Hashem
(be-TZEL-lem ha-SHEM)
Hebrew expression for "In the image of God." Also, b’tzelem Adonai. [H]



C

Chachamim (Hachamim)
(khah-kha-MEEM)
Sages [H]

Chagim

(khah-GEEM)
Hebrew for festivals, typically those which are described in Leviticus 23 (singular: chag). [H]

Chag Sameach
(khag sa-MAY-akh)
A happy holiday (used as a greeting) [H]

Chanukah
(khah-nook-KAH)
The eight day festival (beginning 25 Kislev) commemorating the successful Jewish revolt against the Greek/Syrian occupation of the Land. The word hanukkah means 'dedication.' [H]

Chavah
(KHA-vah)
Eve, the wife of Adam [H]

Chaver
(kha-VAYR)
Hebrew word meaning 'friend.' Plural: chaverim. [H]

Chumash
(KHOO-mahsh)
Book form of the five Books of Moses. The word chumash is from the word chamesh, meaning 'five.' Plural: chumashim [H]

Chayav
(khai-YAV)
One who is obligated (chiyuv=obligation) [H]

Chazzan
(KHAZ-zahn)
also: hazzan; Cantor [H]

Cherem
(KHE-rem)
Excommunication (from cessation of aid, boycott) [H]

Cheshbon Hanefesh
(khesh-bohn ha-NE-fesh)
Self-examination of your actions' merit, or accounting of your
soul's good and bad aspects. [H]

Chevra
(KHEV-rah)
Friends; comrades [H]

Chesed (Hesed)
(KHE-sed)
Kindness [H]

Chevra Kadisha
(khev-rah ka-dee-SHAH)
Literal translation: holy society;the group that prepares a body for burial. [H]

Chillul Hashem
(kheel-lool ha-SHEM)
Desecration of the divine name [H]

Chok (pl. chukim)
(khok)
Law from the Torah deemed to be without a humanly-discernable rationale, e.g., the red heifer. [H]

Chametz (also chometz)
(KHAH-metz)
Leavened food, which is forbidden during Pesach [H]

Chumash
(KHOO-mahsh)
The five books of the Torah, bound in one volume (not a scroll) [H]

Chumra
(KHOOM-rah)
Stringency -- custom of a community to observe more strictly [H]



D

"Dati / lo dati"
(DAH-tee)
Dati = religious, lo dati = not religious, as used in current Hebrew in Israel, but it is a black and white distinction, meaning Orthodox and not Orthodox. [H]

Daven
(DAH-ven)
To pray or shokel (from Yiddish, with a particular emotional sense) [Y]

Derech Eretz
(DE-rekh E-retz)
Manners; way of the land; customs[H]

Din
(deen)
Law, judgment [H]

Drasha
(DRAH-shah)
Interpretation of a Torah passage (often a creative interpretation) (from a root meaning "search"); also spelled D’rasha, Derasha, etc. [H]

Dukhn
(DOO-khen)
To perform the kohen's blessing before the congregation [Y]

D'var torah (pl. divrei torah)
(de-vahr TO-rah; deev-ray TO-rah)
Word of Torah; a Torah discourse, homily or sermon [H]

Devarim
(de-vah-REEM)
The 5th book of the Torah (Deuteronomy) [H]



E

Emet
(EH-met)
Truth [H]; Emes [Y]

Emunah
(eh-moo-NAH)
Faith [H]

Eretz Yisrael
(E-retz yees-rah-EL)
The Land of Israel [H]

Erev
(E-rev)
Evening. Shabbat and all the festivals start just before sundown. [H]

Etrog
(Et-rog)
A citron fruit something between a lemon and a lime.

Ezrat Nashim
(ez-raht na-SHEEM)
The Court of the Women in the Bet HaMikdash (the Temple). This term also refers today to the Women's Section within the Synagogue. [H]



F

Frum
(frum)
Observant (often with a right-wing Orthodox implication). Derived from the German/Yiddish word for "pious". [Y]

FrumSpeak
(frum speak)
The talk of the frum Jew, also called Yeshivish.[Y]



G

Gan Eden
(gahn AY-den)
The Garden of Eden. [H]

Gemara
(ge-MAH-rah)
“Learning” [A]; The later part of the Talmud, which expands upon the Mishna.

Get (pl. gittin)
(get; gee-teen)
Document of divorce [H]

Gemilut Chasadim
(geh-mee-loot khas-sa-DEEM)
Acts of loving kindess [H]

G-d
(God)
A circumlocution for writing the word "God." [E]



H

Hachamim (chachamim)
(khah-kha-MEEM)
Sages [H]

Haftarah
(hahf-TAH-rah)
The selection from the book of prophets read after the Torah reading. [H]

Haggadah
(hag-GAH-dah, or hag-ga-DAH)
A set narrative of benedictions, prayers, midrashic comments and psalms recited at the seder ritual on erev Pesach. [H]

Halacha
(ha-lah-KHAH)
Path; Jewish law [H]

Hanukkah
(khah-nook-KAH)
The eight day festival (beginning 25 Kislev) commemorating the successful Jewish revolt against the Greek/Syrian occupation of the Land. The word hanukkah means 'dedication.' [H]

Har HaBayit
(har ha-BYE-eet)
The Temple Mount. [H]

HaShem
(ha-SHEM)
"The Name". A word traditionally used as a substitute for the four-letter Name of God, to avoid pronouncing it unnecessarily. [H]

Hashgacha
(hash-gah-KHAH)
Ritual supervision, most often used in terms of kashrut/dietary laws, although it can also refer to spiritual or moral supervision as in a yeshiva or dormitory [H]

Heichal
(hay-KHAL)
The Holy Place of the Tabernacle (and the Temple), containing the menorah, the table of shewbread and the altar of incense, where the priests would enter to administer set rituals of worship. [H]

Heksher
(hek-shayr)
Kosher certification [H]

Hesed (chesed)
(KHE-sed)
Kindness [H]

Heter
(HE-tayr)
Permission (usually a rabbinic ruling that permits something) [H]

Hiddur Mitzvah
(hee-DOOR MEETZ-vah)
Beautifying physical objects involved in a mitzvah, or otherwise adding to a mitzvah an esthetic sense [H]

Hillel
(hee-LEL)
Rabbi Hillel was a famous Torah teacher in the 1st century AD and a contemporary of Rabbi Shammai.



K

Kabbalat ol Mitzvot
(kab-bah-lat ohl meetz-VOHT)
Acceptance of the yoke of the commandments; Acceptance of commandments as binding; usually a requirement for conversion to Judaism, G”F. [H]

Kabbalat Shabbat
(kab-bah-LAHT shab-BAHT)
Service welcoming the Sabbath [H]

Kadosh
(kah-DOHSH)
"holy." [H]

Kashrut
(kahsh-ROOT)
The system of Jewish dietary laws. [H]

Kavanah
(kahv-vah-NAH)
Intention, devotion, inner concentration during prayer [H]

Kedushah
(ke-doo-SHAH)
Holiness. [H]

Kehillah
(ke-heel-LAH)
"Congregation." Contruct: Kehillat ~ ; as in Kehillat Shalom. [H]

Ketubah
(ket-too-BAH)
Marriage contract presented to the bride by the groom. [H]

Kevah
(ke-VAH)
Fixed; a fixed time; fixed words or prayer (often contrasted with kavanah, inner concertration during prayer) [H]

Kiddush Hashem
(keed-doosh ha-SHEM)
Sanctification of the divine name; martyrdom [H]

Kiddushin
(keed-doo-SHEEN)
Betrothal (for the purpose of marriage) [H]

Klal
(klal)
A general principle [H]

Klal Yisrael
(klal yees-ra-EL)
The Jewish community as a whole [H]

Koach
(KOH-akh)
Strength [H]

Kohelet
(ko-HE-let)
The book of Ecclesiastes [H]

Kol Hakavod
(kohl ha-kah-VOHD)
(literal translation: all honor) Used idiomatically to express praise or congratulations for an achievement [H]

Kol Tuv
(kohl TOOV)
Everything good (may you be blessed with everything good) [H]

Korban
(kor-BAHN)
Sacrifice or offering. [H]

Kosher
(ko-sher)
"Fit to be eaten according to Jewish dietary laws". The noun derived from it is kashrut, the system of Jewish dietary laws.

Kotel
(koh-TEL)
The Western Wall in Jerusalem. [H]

Kulot
(koo-LOHT)
Leniencies [H]

K'vod Hatzibur
(ke-vohd ha-tzee-BOOR)
The honor of the community [H]



L

Leshon Kodesh
(le-shohn KO-desh)
Holy tongue; Hebrew. [H]

Leshon Hara
(le-shohn ha-RA)
"Evil tongue"; Defaming or badmouthing [H]

L-rd
(lord)
A circumlocution for writing the word "Lord." [E]



M

Ma'ariv
(ma-ah-REEV)
Evening; the evening prayer service [H]

Machloket
(makh-LOH-ket)
"Disagreement" or "argument." [H]

Maftir
(maf-TEER)
The aliyah consisting of the last few lines of the Torah reading, or the person assigned that aliyah. The person assigned the maftir aliyah also chants Haftarah. [H]

Mamzer
(MAHM-zer)
A person born from a prohibited union (i.e., from an incestuous or adulterous union) [H]

Mashiach (Moshiach)
(mah-SHEE-akh)
Messiah [H]

Mattan Torah
(mat-tan TO-rah)
The giving of the Torah. [H]

Mechitsa
(me-khee-TZAH)
Division; a barrier separating men from women in the synagogue [H]

Megillah / Megillot
(me-geel-LAH)
"Scroll(s)." Most often used in reference to five books from among the Writings that have been recorded on separate scrolls and are read on certain special days of the Jewish calendar. Esther (on Purim), Song of Songs (on Passover), Ruth (on Shavuot), Lamentations (9th of Av, Tishah B'Av), and Ecclesiastes (on Sukkot.) [H]

Midrash
(MEE-drash)
An interpretation; a story that fills in gaps in the Torah narrative, or answers questions about the narrative; (when
capitalized) any of several volumes of such stories compiled by rabbis of the Talmudic era [H]

Midrashim
(mee-drah-SHEEM)
Name of certain specific collections of commentaries that have utilized the midrashic method of interpretation (e.g., Midrash Rabbah). [H]

Mikveh
(MEEK-veh)
Immersion into fresh running water for the purpose of a ritual cleansing, or an outward sign of a conversion or spiritual cleansing. [H]

Mincha
(MEEN-kha)
The afternoon prayer service [H]

Minhag
(meen-HAG)
Custom [H]

Minhag haMakom
(meen-hag ha-mah-KOHM)
Local custom [H]

Minyan
(meen-YAHN)
Quorum of 10 needed for a public prayer service. In traditional synagogues, only men over the age of 13 are counted towards a minyan. Liberal (non-orthodox) congregations also include women over 12 in the count. [H]

Mishna
(MEESH-nah)
The early core of the Talmud, consisting primarily of case law decisions. (Not capitalized) one unit, typically a single sentence or short paragraph, in the Mishna. [H]

Mishkan
(meesh-KAHN)
Tabernacle. The tent of meeting God commanded the Israelites to set up in the wilderness after they left Egypt. [H]

Mishpat (pl. mishpatim)
(meesh-PAHT)
Law from the Torah that can be rationalized [H]

Mitzvah
(meetz-vah)
Commandment; not "good deed" in Hebrew, but has come to mean that in Yiddish, especially among more secular people [H]

Mo'edim
(mo-eh-DEEM)
The appointed times outlined in the Torah in Lev. 23. Specific times appointed by God, throughout the cycle of the year, for specific purposes. Festivals. [H]

Mutar
(moo-tar)
Permitted [H]



N

Ner tamid
(nayr tah-MEED)
Eternal light [H]

Nigun (pl. nigunim)
(nee-GOON)
Wordless prayer melody, usually repeated many times over to create a spiritual mood [H]

"Nu?"
(noo)
This is an exclamation used in the same sense as "well" "eh" and
"hey." [Y] It could be used in the Hebrew/Yiddish translation of
any of the following:
1. Well, do you want the egg roll or the knish?
2. Hey! Stop throwing paper airplanes in class.
3. My experimental tofu-liver-garlic cholent tastes good, eh?
4. So, Becca, I hear you and Izzy went out last week. Well?
5. A rebuke (on small kids): "Nu, nu, nu, you spilled all the milk!
6. To express doubt: "I heard that Rabin met Asad. Nu."
7. When the news ain't new no more.
8. As "c'mon": Nu B'emet (c'mon - speak truthfully).



O

Olam ha-ba
(oh-LAHM ha-BAH)
The world to come [H]

Omer
(oh-mayr)
"Sheaf". The offering brought to the Temple on the 16th of Nissan (according to Pharasaic tradition) and thus the name of the 50-day period counted between Passover and Shavuot. [H]



P

Parashah
(pa-rah-SHAH)
The weekly Torah portion (pl. parshiot). Parashat Hashavua – The weekly Torah portion, read on Shabbat. [H]

Pasuk / P'sukim
(pah-SOOK, p’soo-KEEM)
A Bible verse(s).

Pikuah Nefesh
(pee-KOO-ah NE-fesh)
To save a life (usually in context of breaking Shabbat, etc.) [H]

Pirkei Avot
(peer-kay ah-VOHT)
"Ethics of the Fathers," a tractate of the Mishnah that contains the famous sayings of some of the most respected Jewish sages of the Tannaitic period (late Second Temple period to about 240 CE).

Posek (pl. poskim)
(POH-sek)
The rabbi one consults for halachic decisions; an authority on Jewish Law [H]

Posken
(pos-ken)
To render an halachic ruling, usually one that clarifies the law in a specific case [H]

Psak
(p’sahk)
Decision, verdict [H]



R

Rechilut
(re-khee-LOOT)
Gossip [H]

Refua Shlema!
(re-FOO-ah shlay-MAH)
"Get well soon!" Said to wish somebody a speedy recovery. [H]

Rega!
(RAY-gah)
"Wait a moment!"

Ribono shel Olam
(ree-boh-no shel o-LAHM)
Master of the universe [H]

Rosh Chodesh
(rohsh KHOH-desh)
First day of the new Jewish month [H]

Ruach
(ROO-akh)
Spirit, wind [H]

Ruach HaKodesh
(ROO-akh ha-KOH-desh)
The Holy Spirit.



S

Seder
(SAY-der)
Home service held on the first night of Passover. It is centered around a special meal and the retelling of the Exodus from Egypt

Sedra
(SED-drah)
The weekly Torah portion [H]

Sefirat HaOmer
(se-fee-RAHT ha-OH-mayr)
"The counting of the Omer."

Shabbat
(shahb-BAHT)
The Sabbath day, referring to Saturday on the Gregorian calendar system (not Sunday).

Shabbat Shalom!
(shahb-BAHT shah-LOHM)
"A Sabbath of Peace," is the greeting used instead of 'hello' or 'goodbye' on Shabbat.

Shacharit
(sha-kha-REET)
Morning; the morning prayer service [H]

Shaliach
(shah-LEE-akh)
Emmisary, appointed agent (male pl. sh'lichim, sh'lichei; fem. sing. sh'lichah; fem. pl. sh'lichot) [H]

Shaliach Tzibur
(shah-LEE-akh tzee-BOOR)
The person leading services [H]

Shalom
(shah-LOHM)
Peace; wellness; hello; goodbye [H]

Shammai
(sham-MAI)
Rabbi Shammai was a famous rabbi and Torah teacher of the 1st century BCE/CE. He was a contemporary of Rabbi Hillel.

Shavua Tov!
(shah-VOO-ah TOHV)
"Have a good week!"

Shavu'ot
(shah-voo-OHT)
"Weeks." The name of the festival that is counted from the day of the Omer, when the first sheaf of the barley harvest was brought to the priest during Pesach.

Sh'lom bayit
(she-LOHM BAI-yeet)
Peace in the home [H]

Shekhinah
(she-khee-NAH)
G-d's presence (often associated with feminine imagery, but not always) [H]

Shir HaShirim
(sheer ha-shee-REEM)
Song of Songs; Song of Solomon [H]

Shemot
(she-MOHT)
The 2nd book of the Torah (Exodus) [H]

Shomer (pl. shomrim)
(shoh-MAYR)
Watchman, guardian [H]

Shomer shabbat
(shoh-mayr shab-BAHT)
Observant of the laws of Shabbat [H]

Shoresh
(SHOH-raysh)
Root of a word (all hebrew verbs have a 3-4 letter root that is the basis of conjugation. many other parts of speach (adj, nouns) are also derived from this same shoresh) [H]

Shmoneh Esreh
(she-moh-NAY ESS-ray)
Central prayer of the three prescribed daily services; also called the Amidah (standing).



T

Taharah (pl. taharot)
(tah-ha-RAH)
Ritual purity [H]

Takkanah
(tak-kah-NAH)
Correction; a rabbinic edict that supersedes the existing halachah (pl. takkanot) [H]

Tallit
(tal-LEET)
The prayer shawl worn during morning prayer in synagogues. Also spelled Tallis.

Tallit Katan
(tal-LEET ka-TAHN)
"Small tallit." This is a four–cornered garment normally worn under ones clothes in fulfillment of the commandment about wearing tzitzit.

Talmid / Talmidim
(tal-MEED)
"Learner" or "student." Disciple.

Talmud
(TAHL-mood)
Two–part compendium of Jewish law and thought.

Talmud Torah
(tahl-mood TO-rah)
Study of Torah.

Tanakh
(ta-NAKH)
Acronym for Torah Nevi'im K'tuvim - Torah, Prophets, Writings) The three divisions of the Hebrew Bible [H]

Tana'im
(ta-ah-NEEM)
Sages of the Mishnaic period [H]

Tefilah
(te-feel-LAH)
Prayer [H]

Teshuvah
(te-shoo-VAH)
Return, repentance [H]

Tehillim
(te-heel-LEEM)
Psalms [H]

Tikkun Olam
(teek-KOON oh-LAHM)
Correcting the world, repairing the world; an action promoting social justice [H]

Torah
(TOH-rah)
"Teaching" or "instruction". The word used to describe the first five books of the Bible.

Torah Misinai
(TOH-rah mee-see-NAI)
“Torah from Mount Sinai.” Refers to the doctrine that the entire Torah, including the Oral Law, was given to Moses at Sinai. [H]

Tz'niut
(tze-nee-OOT)
Modesty. [H]

Tzedakah
(tze-DAH-kah or tze-dah-KAH)
Righteousness; used for charitable donations, though the root has a very different sense from the root of "charity." [H]

Tzuris
(TSOO-ris)
Trouble, heartache, problems, difficulties. [Y]



V

Vaiyikra
(vai-yeek-RAH)
"and He called"; 3rd book of the Torah (Leviticus) [H]



Y

Yahrzeit
(YAHR-zight)
Anniversary of a death; a 24-hour candle lit to commemorate the death anniversary of a close relative, also lit on holy days when Yizkor (prayer of remembrance) is recited [Y]

Yasher koach
(yah-shayr KOH-akh)
(Literal translation: meaning unclear, but poss. "straight strength"). Used idiomatically to express praise or thanks for serving in a religious or ceremonial role. Implies "may your stength continue, go on straight", i.e. "You done good! Do it many times more!" [H]

Yeshiva
(ye-SHEE-vah)
Jewish religious school primarily for the study of Torah and Talmud. [H]

Yeshivish
(ye-shee-VISH)
The talk of the frum Jew, also called FrumSpeak. [E]

Yeshua
(ye-SHOO-ah)
"Jesus." The name of the Messiah. [H]

YHVH
(ah-doh-NIGH)
The four–letter Name of God, יהוה, YHWH is used. Traditionally, this Name is not pronounced as it is written, but substituted with either Adonai or Hashem. [H]

 


 

Hebrew for Christians
Copyright © John J. Parsons
All rights reserved.

email