Shaddai

Learn Hebrew

Learn Torah

Hebrew for Christians
BS''D
Passover Torah Readings

Passover Week Readings

Torah Readings for Pesach

Online Calendar

detailed aliyot readings

The Torah Reading cycle is suspended for the holiday week of Unleavened Bread (called "Passover Week" in the Jewish tradition), with each day of the week (from Nisan 15 through Nisan 22) assigned additional readings from the Torah and Haftarah. 

Learn More about Passover

Because the Jewish calendar is solar-lunar, the dates for each day's readings are not fixed, but vary from year to year.  This means that the intermediate days of Passover, called chol hamo'ed (CH"M) will vary from year to year. To ensure the accuracy of a particular day's readings, always check a good Jewish holiday calendar.

Click on the links to display the Scriptures:

Day

Torah

Haftarah

Brit Chadashah

Erev Pesach
(eve of 14 Nisan)

We read the Passover haggadah during the Seder...

Pesach 1
(15 Nisan)

Exod. 12:21-51
Num. 28:16-25

Josh. 5:2-6:1

Luke 22:7-20; John 1:29-31; 1 Cor. 15:20-28

Pesach 2
(16 Nisan)

Lev. 22:26-23:44
Num. 28:16-25

2 Kings 23:1-9; 21-25
Omer Count Begins

Rev. 15:1-4

Pesach 3 (CH"M 1)
(17 Nisan)

Exod. 13:1-16,
Num. 28:16-25

 

1 Cor. 15:20-23
Resurrection of Yeshua

Pesach 4 (CH'M 2)
(18 Nisan)

Exod. 22:24-23:19, Num. 28:16-25

 

 

Pesach 5 (CH"M 3)
(19 Nisan)

Exod. 34:1-26;
Num 28:16-25

 

 

Pesach 6 (CH'M 4)
(20 Nisan)

Num. 9:1-14;
Num. 28:16-25

 

 

Pesach (Shabbat)
(varies per year)

Exod. 33:12-34:26
Num. 28:16-25

Ezek. 37:1-14

 

Pesach 7
(21 Nisan)

Exod. 13:17-15:26;
Num 28:19-25

2 Sam. 22:1-51
Song of Songs (K)

Rev. 15:1-4

Pesach 8
(22 Nisan)

Deut. 15:19-16:17

Isa. 10:32-12:6

 

Note: Chol Hamo'ed (CH"M) refer to the "intermediate days" of Passover, i.e., the days sandwiched between the two beginning and two ending days of the festival. (In Israel, Passover is seven days long with the middle five days regarded as Chol Hamo'ed.) Always consult a good Jewish calendar to ensure accurate Torah readings for Passover.

Note: The Song of Solomon is customarily read either on the Sabbath of Passover Week or on the morning of the Seventh Day of Passover, depending on regional custom.

Note: The 49-day Omer Count begins the day after the Sabbath of Passover (i.e., Nisan 16).

Day 1 Reading

In Exodus 12:21-51, Moses instructs the elders of Israel in the laws of Pesach. All generations to come are to observe the Passover traditions. In addition, the children of succeeding generations are to be instructed at Passover as to the origin and significance of the festival.

The Haftarah is taken from the Book of Joshua (Joshua 5:2-6:1, 6:27) and describes the historic Passover that the Israelites observed at Gilgal after they had crossed the Jordan River. It was the first celebration of Passover in the Holy Land. (In the Reform tradition Isaiah 43:1-15 is the prophetic reading for the first day of Passover.)

Day 2 Reading

In Leviticus 22:26-23:44, Moses instructs the Israelites in the observance of the Sabbath and festivals, including Passover, Shavu'ot, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and Sukkot. The maftir (additional) reading from Numbers concerns the Passover sacrifices at the Tabernacle.

The Haftarah for the second day of Passover (2 Kings 23:1-9, 21-25) regards great Passover celebrated after the good King Josiah initiated reformation among apostate Judah.

Day 3 Reading

In Exodus 13:1-16 Moses calls for the consecration (and redemption of) the firstborn and instructs the Israelites regarding the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

The resurrection of the Mashiach Yeshua corresponds to Reishit Katzir (first fruits) and the tenufah (wave offering) that marked the countdown to Shavu'ot (the day the Ruach HaKodesh was given to the Church).

Nisan 14 - Yeshua crucified
Nisan 15 - Yeshua in the tomb
Nisan 16 - Yeshua in the tomb
Nisan 17 - Yeshua resurrected

Yeshua rose from the dead on the 1st day of the week, after being in the tomb three days and three nights. The disciples then encountered the risen Lord on Nisan 17, a Sunday morning (Matt 28:1-10). In short, He was crucified on Nisan 14 and resurrected on Nisan 17 (the corresponding Gregorian dates for these dates vary from year to year).

Day 4 Reading

In Exodus 22:24-23:19 various laws are given, including the laws regarding shelosh regalim (the three pilgrimage festivals), beginning with Passover/Unleavened bread.

Day 5 Reading

The fifth day's reading has to do with Moses' intercession for Israel and God's response (as given in the Shelosh Esrei Middot - the 13 attributes of God's mercy). The LORD then renewed the Sinai covenant after Israel's sin of the Golden Calf.  The Maftir (from Numbers) details the specific offerings to be made at the mishkan during Passover.

The Haftarah from Ezekiel speaks of the famous "dry bones" vision - a picture of Israel's future restoration after the Mashiach returns to establish the millennia kingdom.

It also customary to read the Song of Songs (Shir HaShirim) on the Intermediate Sabbath of Passover. Rabbinic tradition interprets the book as a love song where the "beloved" is taken to mean God and "the bride" is Israel (though the picture of Yeshua and His bride, the Church, is also a fitting analogy, especially because the Beloved Son comes disguised to woo and win his bride).

Day 6 Reading

The sixth day's reading has to do with the first anniversary of the original Passover in Egypt.  Moses repeated God's law that Passover was to be observed at its appointed time every year by every Jew. A second chance for observing Passover (Pesach Sheni) was given to accommodate those who are ritually unclean for the seder. This second day would be one month later, on Iyyar 14.

Day 7 Reading

The Torah reading (Exodus 13:17-15:26) describes Israel's experiences following the Exodus.  Pharaoh mobilized the Egyptian army and began his pursuit of the fleeing Israelites. When the Israelites reached the Red Sea, Moses raised his rod, the waters split apart, and the Israelites were miraculously saved. When the Egyptians reached the water, they became bogged down, sank to the bottom, and drowned. Moses and the Israelites sang a magnificent song of thanksgiving (the Song of Moses).

In the Haftarah, King David composes a song of thanks to God for all of his victories over his enemies. The Haftarah concludes with this sentence, which is also included at the conclusion of the grace after meals, "A tower of salvation of His king, who shows mercy to His anointed, to David and to his Seed forever" (2 Samuel 22:51).

Day 8 Reading

The Torah reading for the eighth day of Passover (Deuteronomy 15:19-16:17) deals with a variety of laws, including those related to tithes, the year of release (Yovel), the release of slaves, and further description of Shelosh regalim, the three pilgrimage festivals.

The Haftarah (Isaiah 10:32-12:6) gives Isaiah's message of hope that the Israelites will be gathered together from lands of exile and return to Israel.  Several allusions to the exodus from Egypt are given. It includes a vision of the Millennial Kingdom era when peace and harmony will reign supreme among all people.

About Passover - פסח

Passover (Pesach) is an eight day holiday that commemorates the liberation of the children of Israel from slavery in Egypt by the outstretched arm of the LORD and the blood of the Lamb some 3,000 years ago.  Since the events of the Exodus led directly to the covenant given at Sinai (and the revelation of the altar), Passover also memorializes the emergence of the nation of Israel in history.

The Passover Seder remembers the fateful night when the faithful were protected by the blood of the lamb - a clear picture of the sacrifice of Yeshua the Messiah as Seh HaElohim - the "Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world" (John 1:29). Before his crucifixion, Yeshua used the symbolism and imagery of the Passover Seder to foretell of the New Covenant given in his broken body and shed blood. His followers are expected to purge out the "the old leaven" and to keep the feast, understanding how He is the embodiment of this sacred holiday (see 1 Cor. 5:7).

Jewish tradition considers Pesach to be the start of Chag HaMotzi - the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and therefore no chametz is eaten for the eight days from Nisan 14 (erev Pesach) through Nisan 22. For more information, click here.

Matzah

Blessing after reading Torah:

Click for the blessing

<< Return



 

Hebrew for Christians
Copyright © John J. Parsons
All rights reserved.

email