The last vowel group you will learn is sometimes called the "U-type" because it indicates an "oo" sound (as in "blue" or "clue") when combined with a letter. U-type vowels can have the following vowel patterns:
Note that the "X" refers to any Hebrew letter (for example Aleph, Bet, and so on) and the rectangular box below the letter refers to a one the following types of vowel marks (nikkudim):
Although these vowel marks look different, they both represent an "oo"sound.
Note which vowel is short (Qibbuts) and which is long (Shureq).
Unlike other vowels, Shureq is sometimes used to start a word.
A syllable is called "open" when it does not end with a "stopping" sound:
A syllable is called "closed" when it ends with a "stopping" sound: